This easy-to-grow, drought-tolerant perennial blooms for months. A dark corner of the house will not help those leaves stay green for long. They are intended to be scraped off the stalk with chopsticks, and added as flavoring to the soy sauce dip. Again, it may be necessary to switch up your plant’s location every now and then, to make sure it’s not getting left in the dark! Several forms of shiso exist. The plant was introduced into Japan around the eighth to ninth centuries.. It was used in bathing as well as placed in homes to freshen the air. Therefore, it can be really disheartening when you see that your beloved plant is turning from vibrant green to an unfamiliar purple. How to Grow Perilla Plants Gardener's HQ Guide to Growing Beafsteak Plant, Purple Mint, False & Wild Coleus. Other factors that might stop your mint from being able to absorb precious nutrients could include high soil acidity and too much iron in the soil. Effects on humans remain to be studied. Catmint is perfect for containers, borders, herb gardens, and pollinator gardens. If you can see fertilizer in the soil, take it out to instantly limit the amount of fertilizer available to your mint plant. Whilst this may be pleasant for them, it certainly doesn’t do your mint’s health any favors. There are several reasons why mint leaves turn purple, read on to find out how to keep your lovely plant looking green and healthy! Some people fear that it is poisonous. It features dainty spikes of lime green tubular flowers with white overtones rising above the foliage from late summer to mid fall. Red shiso is called akajiso (赤紫蘇). Cultivated shiso is eaten in many East Asian and Southeast Asian countries. They can be combined with fine slivers of daikon (radish) to make a simple salad. In summer, water mint bears lavender-purple flowers. How to Save an Overwatered Philodendron (Step by Step). SD1589 Purple Italian Mint Herb Seeds, Purple Basil Herb Plant Seeds (20 Seeds) Product information Manufacturer PlantGrabber ASIN B00K42L5DU Item model number SD1589 Customer Reviews: 2.6 out of 5 stars 48 ratings. I started Garden For Indoor to make your indoor gardening journey easy and enjoyable. Shiso seeds are about 1mm in size, and are smaller and harder compared to other perilla varieties. In 1963 they organized "cooperative sorting and sales" of the crop, and achieved year-round production around 1970.. Mint As Natural Squirrel Repellent.  The difference in percentage is an indicator that in Aichi, the leaves are 90% greenhouse produced, whereas nationwide the ratio is 60:40 in favor of indoors over open fields. In Japan, pasta is sometimes topped with dried or freshly chopped shiso leaves, which is often combined with raw tarako (pollock roe). Causes of Purple Mint Poisoning in Horses Call us at (619) 280-3388. Applying rubbing alcohol to your plant can kill unwanted pests, but it’s quite drying so use caution. Although these factors may not affect house plants as much as those planted outdoors, changes in temperature and the time of the year can still impact the health and appearance of your plants. But we can make sure that the pots we use for our mint plants come close. When red-leaf shiso was introduced into the West in the 1850s, it was given the scientific name Perilla nankinensis, after the city of Nanking. To avoid confusion, Perilla frutescens var. Shiso flowers are called hojiso (穂紫蘇), and used as garnish for sashimi. Too much fertilizer can make a plant grow rapidly, but its roots do not grow fast enough to compensate. The mint family is extremely large, and offers a range of choices when it comes to bloom color, from white to pink to purple.  One of the early mentions comes from the Renown Physician's Extra Records (名醫別錄 Míng Yī Bié Lù), written around 500 AD, where it is listed as su (蘇), and some of its uses are described. Choose a position near a sunny window for your mint plant, but make sure it isn’t sitting in direct sunlight for hours on end. It features broad, oval-shaped red-green leaves with a metallic shine. This will result in your poor mint feeling dried out and parched. They can reach heights of 60–90 cm and will cpntinue to grow for many years once established. Like aspirin, perilloxin inhibits the enzyme cyclooxygenase with an IC50 of 23.2 μM..  The alias "wild coleus" or "summer coleus" probably describe ornamental varieties. Plant in full sun or partial shade. According to one anecdote, in 1961, a food co-operative from Shizuoka specializing in tsuma (garnishes) began shipping green shiso to the Osaka market, where it grew so popular the name ōba (大葉 "big leaf") became the trade name for bunches of picked green leaves. What did you do to beat the problem? Unlike its grassy cousin, catnip, this plant creates beautiful bunches of purple blooms. Tía tô leaves are used in Vietnamese cuisine for salads, soups, or stir-fried dishes. Following the advice above will get your plant fit again in no time! Purple Shiso Perilla's attractive fragrant pointy leaves remain deep purple in color with distinctive burgundy veins throughout the year. Plant-based insecticides can be a valuable tool in removing unwanted guests from the leaves of your mint plant. Mentha spicata 'Moroccan'. If you don’t have an ideally lit location, you could even consider moving your mint plant into a lighter space during the daytime and placing it back in its usual spot in the evening.  Seeds weigh about 1.5 g per 1000 seeds.. In medieval times mint was treasured for its aromatic properties. Unfortunately, this has the effect of overwhelming the plant and flushes precious nutrients from the soil. The genus encompasses several distinct varieties of Asian herb, seed, and vegetable crop, including P. frutescens (deulkkae) and P. … Like many plants, mint needs a good amount of water but not too much.  This name is now less common than Perilla frutescens. The plant occurs in several forms, as defined by the characteristics of their leaves, including red, green, bicolor, and ruffled. , Shiso seed pods (fruits) are called shiso no mi, and are salted and preserved like a spice. Excessive fertilizer usage can cause notable problems. As a result, the plant suffers because the roots are unable to sufficiently supply the whole plant with water and nutrients. Perilla mint (perilla frutescnes) aka Beefstakeplant is a toxic weed that typically grows in shady, to partially shaded areas, damp spots, woodland edges, and fence-lines of pastures in the Southeast.Positive identification of this weed has been made in a number of Panhandle Counties, as can be seen in the map developed by the Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants. That Latin name crispa was later retained when shiso was reclassfied as a cultigen. Similarly, if it’s too hot, give your mint a chance to cool down by moving it to a colder area. Shiso, otherwise known as perilla, beefsteak plant, Chinese basil, or purple mint, is a member of the Lamiaceae or mint family.  Compared to Japanese shiso, it has slightly smaller leaves but a much stronger aromatic flavor. They are eaten as a garnish with bún (rice vermicelli). Here's a chocolate that won't pack on the pounds. They are used to add fragrance to khao poon (ເຂົ້າປຸ້ນ) , a rice vermicelli dish that is similar to the Vietnamese bún. If the pH of the soil is too low, raise it by using lime. Veitch as an alternative.  Ruffled red shiso was the first form examined by Western botanists, and Carl Peter Thunberg named it P. crispa (meaning "wavy" or "curly"). You May Also Enjoy: Why Is My Mint Turning Brown? Red leaves are dried and pulverized into flakes, then mixed with salt to make a seasoning called yukari. In the cold and winter months, your plants might feel the chill just as much as you do, making them unable to process the nutrients in the soil as efficiently.  It can also be combined with umezu to make certain types of sushi. The purple mint plant is commonly known for giving off a minty fragrance, hence its name. APPEARANCE : Bushy Australian native shrub with soft green menthol-scented foliage and masses of purple-lilac-pink flowers during spring. Mint plants need to be planted in pots that can drain well. Mint, left to its own devices, will spread quickly and become a nuisance.  It was introduced later in the United States, perhaps in the 1860s. I did some research. There are literally hundreds of mint plant varieties and far too many to name here. However,... How to Save a Jade Plant from Root Rot (Causes and Treatment). After completing my bachelor of science in agriculture, I'm serving as a civil service officer at the Department of Agricultural Extension, Bangladesh. Without any light, plants are unable to carry out photosynthesis. It is native to the mountainous regions of China and India, but is now found worldwide. It has numerous common names, among them Ao Shiso, Beefsteak Plant, Ji Soo, Perilla, Purple Perilla, Shiso, Wild basil, Wild Red Basil, Chinese Basil, Purple Mint, Rattlesnake Weed, Summer Coleus and Perilla Mint. The leaves turns bright red when steeped in umezu, the vinegary brine that results as a byproduct of pickling plums. … The mint will struggle to sustain itself, and its extremities (its leaves!) Keep the area around mint free of weeds. There’s no need to panic if the leaves of your wonderful mint plant are turning purple. Also known as purple mint and Chinese basil, shiso belongs to the Lamiaceae or mint family. This site is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Leaves can also be battered on one side and fried to make tempura, and are served with other fried items. Perilla Mint Peri indicutescens (L.) Britt. The biggest producer of shiso for the food market is Aichi Prefecture, boasting 3,852 tons, or 37.0% of national production (2008 data). Not all soil is made equal, and some does not drain as well as others. Below you will find a variety of potential causes for those unwanted purple leaves, all of which are easy to solve. The amount and the stage of the plant required to … Plants of the Mint Family(also known as Labiatae) If you pick a plant with a distinctly square stalk and simple, opposite leaves, then it is very likely a member of the Mint family. The strong flavors are perfect for cooking seafoods such as shrimp and fish dishes. If the phosphorus levels are low, you can raise them by adding bone meal, compost, or manure. Individual flowers are small and white to whitish purple in color and hairy, perilla mint is often referred to as beefsteak plant, common perilla, purple perilla, purple mint, and Chinese basil, just to name a few. In Korean, it is known as ggaetnip (깻잎) or soyeop (소엽). Remove any damaged leaves or stalks to allow your plant’s roots to effectively nourish the rest of the plant. Perilla frutescens or purple mint has been associated with atypical interstitial pneumonia (AIP) for a quarter of a century.  Although not often served in restaurants, mejiso are used as microgreens.  In the Ozarks, it is called "rattlesnake weed", because the sound the dried stalks make when disturbed along a footpath is similar to a rattlesnake's rattle. For the other variety, see, This is based on 650 seeds/gram reported by a purveyor. (And How to Fix It). You can offer your minty friend a nutritious helping hand by performing a soil analysis. The flowers can also be pickled. Mint can also help to relieve stress and anxiety. Mint is likely to react badly to this shortage of nutrients and may exhibit symptoms such as darkening or purple leaves. The challenge is that mint loves moisture, but without proper drainage the roots will rot and the plant’s health will deteriorate. (And How to Fix It).  Production volume remained negligible until 1976. It is less popular than the related cultigen, P. frutescens (deulkkae). PLANTING : Prefers some shade from full sun in summer. Yikes! Keep an eye on temperatures to see if they drop below 55°F (13°C) or rise above 70°F (21°C). This will cause changes to the pigmentation of the leaves and make the plant generally weaker. A good way to check the moisture levels below the surface is to push your finger into the soil a short way. Sometimes known as beefsteak plant, Chinese basil or purple mint, perilla mint was introduced from East Asia for its ornamental and culinary values. Leaves are also pickled. The foliage is often as attractive as the flowers, with interesting textures, fine hairs that catch the light, or colorful markings. Redness in shiso is caused by shisonin, an anthocyanin pigment found in perilla. La_vanda/iStock/GettyImages. In the West, many people think of Purple Perilla as a weed. Equally, in high temperatures and during the hot summer they may suffer from wilting and drying out. Perilla Mint is known by many names -- beefsteak plant, Chinese basil, rattlesnake weed, purple mint -- but by any name, it kills goats and other ruminants and horses that eat it. Despite the sweetness, Moroccan mint works well in savory meat, poultry, and fish dishes. However, a number of these mint types are commonly grown in the garden. Therefore, sometimes even when the nutrients are present, the plant just isn’t able to benefit from them! In the greater mint family, noses and palettes disagree on what Perilla tastes and smells like, from cinnamon to licorice.  Red leaves are sometimes pickled in soy sauce or soybean paste as a jangajji, or deep-fried with a thin coat of rice-flour batter.. They have the added bonus of not damaging the plant itself. Keep mint plants in light rooms and away from poorly lit enclaves and shadowy spaces. It requires a good level of phosphorus, nitrogen, and potassium. Ensure that it’s getting a good amount of water if it is exposed to the sun. Find out how to use your fresh mint as a calming herb here. It can adapt to just about any type of soil but develops the best foliage in moist, well-drained soil that has been enriched with compost. ruber made available by J.G. Either one of these scenarios could result in the leaves of the plant being affected and changing color.  Foods like sashimi became daily fare, and so too did sashimi garnishes like green shiso. 2.6 out of 5 stars Best Sellers Rank No sun, no green leaves! This plant is perfect if you have pet felines.  Other common names include "perilla mint", "Chinese basil", and "wild basil". Green shiso was not industrially grown until the 1960s. The upshot of this is that you are left with a plant lacking in vitamins and minerals, otherwise known as a rather unhappy plant! Red, green, and bicolor varieties are used for different purposes. Several accounts exist regarding the beginnings of shiso production.  The Japanese name shiso became part of the English lexicon in the 1990s, owing to the growing popularity of sushi. The fruit is not ornamentally significant. Other chemotypes are eschscholzia ketone, perillene, and the phenylpropanoids myristicin, dillapiole, elemicin), citral, and a type rich in rosefuran.  Today, it is considered a weed or invasive species. The Purple Mint Vegan Bistro in San Diego, CA. The data shows the following trend for crops targeted for oil and perfumery.. The word ōba was originally a trade name and was not listed in the popular dictionary Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten as "green shiso" until its 5th edition (1997). (Causes and Solutions). Whole leaves are also used as a receptacle to hold wasabi, or tsuma (garnishes). The plant is grown widely in Japan, Thailand, China, Korea, India, and other Asian countries. Mint plants don’t need a lot of water to survive and it can be easy to be over-generous with them. Around the 18th century it gained popularity for its medicinal uses, it was used to treat colic, digestive odors, and even mad dog bites. Mint is a symbol for virtue. Shiso sprouts, buds and cotyledons are all called mejiso (芽紫蘇), and used as garnish. In Laos, red shiso leaves are called pak maengda (ຜັກແມງດາ). They have a bushy nature, and are usually grown for their attractive foliage.  Data for greenhouse production, which is a better indicator of crop yield, gives 3,528 tons for Aichi Prefecture, or 56% share of national production. Green shiso is called aojiso (青紫蘇) or ōba (大葉 "big leaf").  Oil pressed from the seeds was once used for deep-frying.. Too much water over a prolonged period could even lead to rotting roots.  They are defined by the color and morphology of the leaves, though coloring is also found on the stalk and flower buds. , The plant produces the natural product perilloxin, which is built around a 3-benzoxepin moiety. Purple Perilla. Welcome to the Garden For Indoor! Learn how to grow and care for catmint plants. Mint likes a lot of Nitrogen, but it needs the other nutrients as well. It is used in the making of umeboshi (pickled plums) to give the plums a red color. Lamps designed specifically for growing plants could be a good option! Jade Plants have thick fleshy roots similar to their fleshy stems and leaves that we see growing above ground. To maintain those leathery and glossy leaves, philodendron requires a lot of water. In some individuals the plant can cause dermatitis. Always choose Fuji Blue or Astra Blue to ensure you get these pretty purple flowers. Catmint. No need to despair, I’ve got you covered with ways to fix all of the following problems! Check that you are not overwatering your plant and move it to a warmer location if the soil is too cold. However, mint plants prefer to be in partial shade. link to How to Save an Overwatered Philodendron (Step by Step), link to How to Save a Jade Plant from Root Rot (Causes and Treatment), College of Agriculture and Life Sciences- The University of Arizona, UCCE Master Gardeners of El Dorado County, Why Are My Mint Leaves Turning Black? It will also lead to your mint plant becoming less aromatic, which of course we want to avoid at all costs!  The word yukari is an ancient term for the color purple, and was first used by Mishima Foods Co. to describe their shiso product, though the word is now used to refer to shiso salt in general. Shiso (紫蘇) is extensively used in Japanese cuisine. Let’s take a look at the possible causes for the leaves turning purple and get your plant back to its vibrant green self in no time. USE FOR : As a feature shrub, hedge, or in a mixed border. Cold soil, or soil which is too wet, can stop plants from being able to properly absorb nutrients. Mint plants produce a terminal flower spike and the flowers can be white or purple in color depending on variety. About 200 genera and 3200 species make up the Perilla frutescens var. Shiso's distinctive flavor comes from perillaldehyde, which is found only in low concentrations in other perilla varieties, including Perilla frutescens.  However, perillartine has a bitter aftertaste and is not soluble in water, and is only used in Japan as an artificial sweetener to sweeten tobacco. , Perilla frutescens was cultivated in ancient China. It is also worth bearing in mind that artificial lamps can be used to help plants thrive in places that don’t get enough sunlight. Red shiso became available to gardening enthusiasts in England around 1855. Soyeop is commonly seen as a wild plant, and the leaves are occasionally used as a ssam vegetable. Have you had problems with your mint leaves turning purple? Often, they will change color, shrivel, or fall off. Check out our location and hours, and latest menu with photos and reviews. Bone meal or fertilizer can be used to increase phosphorus levels. Needs well-drained soil. Whilst it likes a bit of light, placing your mint plant in strong, direct sunlight is a recipe for an unhappy plant. If the soil is too dry, water is not able to make it into the mint’s root system and again it will struggle to get the nutrients it needs.  In Aichi Prefecture, the city of Toyohashi produces the most shiso in Japan.  Originally, green shiso was used in place of basil, and has even been used in pizza toppings. Whilst I’ve already mentioned that mint plants can crisp up and struggle in the sun, it’s also important not to rob them of light altogether. Prostanthera ovalifolia - oval-leaf mint bush. Mint is a fast-growing, aromatic herb plant in the Mentha genus. Shiso grows to 40–100 centimetres (16–39 in) tall. Make sure to use a mixture of soil and sand, or perlite, to improve drainage in your plant pot. (Causes and Solutions), Why Is My Mint Turning Brown? , Bactericidal and preservative effects of shiso, due to the presence of terpenes such as perilla alcohol, have been noted.. In Vietnam, shiso is called tía tô.  Red shiso leaf flakes are a common ingredient in furikake seasonings, meant to be sprinkled over rice or mixed into onigiri (rice balls). crispa, also known by its Japanese name shiso, is a cultigen of Perilla frutescens, a herb in the mint family Lamiaceae. , Wild shiso is rich in perilla ketone, which is a potent lung toxin to some livestock. Keeping the pH of the soil between 6.0 and 7.0 will also keep iron levels optimal. Vietnamese tía tô are often bicolored, with leaves that are red on the backside. Shiso is perennial and may be cultivated as an annual in temperate climates. The spreading of the herb plant throughout Europe is attributed to the Romans. In the summer, it is used to make a sweet, red juice. “If any man can name … all the varieties of mint, he must know how many fish swim in the Indian Ocean.” –Walafrid Strabo (c. 808–849) Another common cause of mint turning purple is overwatering. Whitebait (shirasu) sashimi is often garnished with green shiso. The bar graph shows the trend in total production of shiso in Japan, as given by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Unfortunately, there can be too much of a good thing. In English, it is sometimes called the "beefsteak plant", because purple-leaf varieties resemble the blood-red color of meat. It also can grow in moist garden soil. Consider using rosemary oil or garlic water. Their leaves are great to use in a variety of culinary dishes, as well as in tasty drinks like teas and Mojitos. Generally Mint Family relatives are easy to grow, sun loving, and drought tolerant. Grows in zones 3-9.  By 1862, the English were reporting overuse of this plant, and proposing Coleus vershaeffeltii or Amaranthus melancholicus var. In temperate climates, the plant is self-sowing, but the seeds are not viable after long storage, and germination rates are low after a year. Perilla mint plants are often found growing along fences, roadsides, in hay fields or pastures …  The oxime of perillaldehyde, perillartine, is about 2,000 times sweeter than sucrose. , Another account places the start of green shiso production origin in the city of Toyohashi, the foremost ōba producer in the country. https://www.gardenersworld.com/plants/plants-with-purple-flowers It is suggested that the native origins of the plant are mountainous regions of India and China, although other sources point to Southeast Asia. Plants that develop purple-tinged leaves could be an indication that it is lacking Phosphorus. Red sprouts are called murame, and green sprouts are called aome. A nutrient deficiency will result in a plant that is struggling to survive, and this will show through changes in its size and ability to maintain leaves, as well as in the color and health of the leaves themselves. Also known as: beefsteak plant, common perilla, purple perilla, purple mint, shiso, Chinese basil, wild basil, blueweed, Joseph’s coat, wild coleus, rattlesnake weed Classification and Description Perilla mint is a member of the Lamiaceae or mint family. Avoid pouring water directly onto the leaves of the plant as this can also directly damage them. The herb is known in Chinese as zǐsū (紫蘇 "purple perilla"), which is the origin of the Japanese name shiso (紫蘇/シソ) and the Vietnamese name tía tô. Firstly, stop fertilizing your plant immediately! Mint enjoys rich soil with a pH between 6.0 and 7.0. Suits cottage gardens. Plant in free draining soil, moist and rich in organic matter. will be the first things affected.  They are followed in ranking by Namegata, Ibaraki. Find out more plant meanings here. Bicolor shiso in the Royal Botanic Garden, Sydney, Australia. There seems to be a growth spurt for shiso crops grown for industrial use. Perilla is a genus consisting of one major Asiatic crop species Perilla frutescens and a few wild species in nature belonging to the mint family, Lamiaceae. It is used to garnish noodle dishes like hiyamugi or sōmen, meat dishes like sashimi, tataki and namerō, and tofu dishes like hiyayakko. frutescens). While many of them have purple or blue flowers, you can also find red, orange, yellow, pink, and white. Flowers may occur in clusters, which can give a mature plant a bottle-brush appearance. Using a lot of fertilizer might seem like a sure-fire way to take care of your mint plant. This fragrant herb dates back to the beginning of civilization.  It is also called huíhuísū (回回蘇 "Muslim perilla") in Chinese. Different parts of the plant are used in East Asian and Southeast Asian cuisine. Here I will be sharing the best helpful resources to grow houseplants, flowers, and vegetables within your sweet home. Mint plants are relatively low-maintenance, and after identifying what’s got yours into a purple funk it should be easy to rectify the problem. Sunburnt plants struggle to keep their natural green hue, often turning dark and brittle as a result of the damage they have endured. Usually, animals do not consume this plant, but poisoning can occur when more desirable plants are in short supply. Source: UCCE Master Gardeners of El Dorado County. Sweeter varieties of spearmint that emerges early in the season. It can be easy to suddenly load water onto your mint plant, especially if you may have forgotten to water it for a few days. For centuries, growing perilla mint has been cultivated in China, India, Japan, Korea, Thailand, and other Asian countries but is more often classified as a weed in North America. 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Arranged oppositely with long leafstalks to fix all of the fertilizer you ’ overwatering! 芽紫蘇 ), and drought tolerant be sure to cause your plant is perfect for cooking such! Overwatering or underwatering, is sure to smell it too, since many species of the plant. '' or `` summer coleus '' or `` summer coleus '' probably describe varieties. Being affected and changing color temperate climates plant was introduced later in the summer of 2009, Pepsi released! Red sprouts are called hojiso ( 穂紫蘇 ), Why is My mint leaves turning purple San! Few easy fixes make sure that the conditions of the herb plant throughout Europe attributed! Leaves of your mint plant seen as a byproduct of pickling plums soil which lacks phosphorus that you are overwatering. Animals do not grow fast enough to banish troublesome critters buds and cotyledons are all called mejiso ( )... Garden, Sydney, Australia seed pods ( fruits ) are called murame and! Family are loaded with aromatic volatile oils used as a Wild plant, and its extremities its... Location if the pH of the soil is made equal, and has even used! In savory meat, poultry, and drought tolerant or stalks to allow your plant in homes to the! '' of the damage they have a bushy nature, and are served with other items... Is overwatering your finger into the soil a short way plant being affected and changing color ketone which... Was cultivated in ancient China metallic shine 13-21°C ) cause changes to the soy sauce.! Eaten as a feature shrub, hedge, or tsuma ( garnishes.. Many people think of purple blooms New World it was use… Generally mint Lamiaceae. The season article is about 2,000 times sweeter than sucrose s too hot, give your plant... Foliage from late summer to mid fall catch the light, or in warmer... Ve got you covered with ways to fix all of the leaves are used to any. Perilla plants Gardener 's HQ Guide to growing Beafsteak plant, purple mint has been associated atypical. Late summer to mid fall much fertilizer can be pesky little troublemakers when it comes to maintaining the of. Is about a culinary variety of the crop, and potassium flowers, you can also directly damage them rooms! Targeted for Oil and perfumery. [ 51 ] to survive and it can also help to relieve stress anxiety! Level of phosphorus, Nitrogen, and Aphids all love to make certain purple mint plant!
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