Similarly, Lantican (2001) defines cereal or grain crops as agronomic crops belonging to the grass family Gramineae which are utilized as staples; the word “cereal” is derived from the most important grain deity, the Roman Goddess Ceres. The Levant is the ancient home of the ancestors of wheat, barley and peas, in which many of these villages were based. Cereal definition: Cereal or breakfast cereal is a food made from grain. It also created the need for greater organization of political power (and the creation of social stratification), as decisions had to be made regarding labor and harvest allocation and access rights to water and land. At the dawn of history, the Sumerians believed that if agriculture of a state declines, Inanna, the goddess of war, leaves this state. The Great Wall of China and the Roman limes demarcated the same northern limit of the cereal cultivation. cereal meaning: 1. a plant that is grown to produce grain: 2. a food that is made from grain and eaten with milk…. Exceptional climatic conditions seriously disrupted the 2003 cereal harvest. Cool-season cereals are well-adapted to temperate climates. A cereal is any grass cultivated (grown) for the edible components of its grain (botanically, a type of fruit called a caryopsis), composed of the endosperm, germ, and bran. Cereal crop residues constitute a major feed resource for working animals in most African countries; grassland vegetation, stored hay and fibrous byproducts, such as pulses, oil plants, sugarcane, roots and tubers, are less important. Cereal and canola crops can be grazed before stem elongation without affecting yield. Scientific Classification. However, some are only grown in cooler highlands, where it ' "may" ' be possible to grow multiple crops per year. Rice is a summer grain sown mostly in the Murrumbidgee and Murray Valleys of NSW. Cereals contain exogenous opioid peptides called exorphins and include opioid food peptides like gluten exorphin. Spring cereals typically require more irrigation and yield less than winter cereals. The cereal crops are: 1. a grain of barley ; cultivated since prehistoric times; grown for forage and grain ; Anagrams of barley BARELY - BLEARY. Wheat, bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) 3. The principal procedure is milling—that is, the grinding of the grain so that it can be easily cooked and rendered into an attractive foodstuff. Most cereal crop cultivars are determinate, flowering within a very small window of time and then entering a grain-filling period such that vegetative and reproductive growth are separated in time. 'CEREAL CROP' is a 10 letter phrase starting with C and ending with P Crossword clues for 'CEREAL CROP' Synonyms, crossword answers and other related words for CEREAL CROP [barley] We hope that the following list of synonyms for the word barley will help you to finish your crossword today. cereal noun [C/U] (GRASS) a type of grass that is grown to produce grain: [ C ] Wheat, rice, and corn are cereals. Rice 2. Each cereal product is listed after the cereal from which it is derived. Find more similar words at wordhippo.com! We've listed any clues from our database that match your search. Cereal crops may be divided into spring-sown types, which complete their life cycle in one season (summer annuals), and fall-sown types, which require an overwintering period (winter annuals).  The strategies developed by the Green Revolution focused on fending off starvation and increasing yield-per-plant, and were very successful in raising overall yields of cereal grains, but did not give sufficient relevance to nutritional quality. Definitions by the largest Idiom Dictionary. An easy way to do this is to keep an eye on the position of the developing head. Rice (crop) synonyms, Rice (crop) pronunciation, Rice (crop) translation, English dictionary definition of Rice (crop). Maize is the other main summer growing cereal. The term may also refer to the resulting grain itself (specifically "cereal grain"). • Millet was still the primary cereal crop. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Would you like hot or cold cereal for breakfast? Many legumes, however, are deficient in the essential amino acid methionine, which grains contain. The major Western Australian cereal crops, wheat, barley and oats, are susceptible to a range of smut and bunt diseases. livestock feed. Christians believe that Jesus Christ, who is said to have been born in Bethlehem, is the messiah. • Half of Britain's cereal farms rank among the big 300,000. Cereal products derive either from the processing of grain through one or more mechanical or chemical operations, or from the processing of flour, meal or starch. In their natural, unprocessed, whole grain form, cereals are a rich source of vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, fats, oils, and protein. It is known by other names around the world. A group of similar but distinct cereals that form an important staple food in Asia and Africa. CEREAL GRAINSOriginsCereal grains are the seeds that come from grasses such as wheat, millet, rice, barley, oats, rye, triticale, sorghum, and maize (corn). A. Cereal Crops Barley (Hordeum vulgare)Corn , maize, mais (Zea mays)Millet- common millet (Panicum miliaceum), finger millet (Eleusine coracana), Foxtail millet (Setaria italica), pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum)Oat (Avena sativa)Rice, palay (Oryza sativa)Rye (Secale cereale)Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)Teff (Eragrostis tef)Wheat- bread wheat (Triticum aestivum), durum wheat (Triticum turgidum) Cereal crops, including wheat, maize, rice, barley and sorghum, ... Nowadays, the general definition of HI is the ratio of harvested product to total above-ground biological yield. Millet definition: Millet is a cereal crop that is grown for its seeds or for hay . It was formally instituted in Leviticus 2 for use in the Jewish tabernacle.  In fact, most persistent and flourishing empires throughout history in both hemispheres were centered in regions fertile for cereals. Barley 7. ; Family: Poaceae. Maize 4. The EU crops market observatory provides a diversity of data and information on the cereal, oilseed and protein crops sectors. Wheat 3. Smut diseases have one of two distinct life cycles: internally seed-borne or externally seed-borne. Where winters are too warm for vernalization or exceed the hardiness of the crop (which varies by species and variety), farmers grow spring varieties. ‘The higher inflation levels as observed in November were largely attributed to rising food prices especially mealie meal, maize grain, cereals and cereal products, meat, fish and kapenta.’ ‘Prepared from germinated and sprouted grain and cereals, their food is rich in various nutrients, vitamins and enzymes and also helps in curing constipation, acidity, piles and skin diseases.’ CEREAL CROP 'CEREAL CROP' is a 10 letter phrase starting with C and ending with P Crossword clues for 'CEREAL CROP' Cereal products derive either from the processing of grain through one or more mechanical or chemical operations, or from the processing of flour, meal or starch. La période sans gel est de longue durée, ce qui favorise la production agricole céréalière. any grass that produces an edible grain, such as oat, rye, wheat, rice, maize, sorghum, and millet the grain produced by such a plant any food made from this grain, esp breakfast food (modifier) of or relating to … Frost-free period is long, which favors cereal crop production. These were highly important gods in their time leaving their legacy until today. A cereal is any grass cultivated (grown) for the edible components of its grain (botanically, a type of fruit called a caryopsis), composed of the endosperm, germ, and bran. Among the fall-sown types, winter rye is the most winter hardy, followed by winter triticale and winter wheat, then winter barley; winter oats are least hardy.  These are hardy plants that grow well in moderate weather and cease to grow in hot weather (approximately 30 °C [86 °F], but this varies by species and variety). During the same period, farmers in China began to farm rice and millet, using human-made floods and fires as part of their cultivation regimen. Wheat, rice, corn (maize), rye, oats, barley, sorghum, and some of the millets are common cereals. If a crop is harvested during humid weather, the grain may not dry adequately in the field to prevent spoilage during its storage. Pronunciation roman Urdu is "anaaj" and Translation of Cereal in Urdu writing script is اناج. About 80 percent of the protein and over 50 percent of the calories consumed by humans and livestock come from cereal grains. Ostrovsky formulized a universal indicator of national power valid for all periods: total cereal tonnage produced by one percent of nation's manpower. We still begin the year with the month of Janus (January). Millets. (Plants) the grain produced by such a plant 3. Historian Max Ostrovsky argues that this historic pattern never changed, not even in the Industrial Age. Other cereals worthy of notice, but not included in FAO statistics, include: Several other species of wheat have also been domesticated, some very early in the history of agriculture: In 2013 global cereal production was a then record 2,521 million tonnes. But if someone offers you a bowl of cereal, don’t expect a pile of grass. In human consumption, oats can be served as, Important in cold climates. Cereals are annual plants, and cereal crops must be reseeded for each growing season. • Soon afterwards, he moved from livestock to cereal. Sorghum and millets were also being domesticated in sub-Saharan West Africa. a weedy grass pasture or grassy break crop will not provide an adequate cereal disease break to sufficiently suppress cereal disease severity. For the past few decades, there has also been increasing interest in perennial grain plants. Practice crop rotation and onions should not be planted next to a, [USPRwire, Thu Aug 01 2019] The global market for grain and, The tourism sector is likewise recovering and the, We also use maize cob, which is a by-product of the high-yielding, Summary: The U.N.'s Food and Agriculture Organization is looking to introduce the nutritious, Summary: ROME - World food prices stabilised in August at levels close to those reached in the food crisis of 2008, and global grain stocks are likely to shrink this year as. In Australian cereal crops plants rarely reach GS29 before the main stem starts to stem elongate (GS30). Cereal: Nepali Meaning: सिरिअल, अनाज, खाद्यान्न wheat; rice; rye; oats; maize; buckwheat; millet / a breakfast food prepared from grain / Of or pertaining to the grasses which are cultivated for their edible seeds (as wheat, maize, rice, etc. The “finest hour” of the Axis powers “ended precisely the moment they threw themselves against the two largest cereal lebensraums” (the United States and the USSR). cereal crops if all cereal disease hosts (grasses) are controlled and any cereal disease residue (inoculum) is broken down or destroyed.  These modern high yield-cereal crops tend have low quality proteins, with essential amino acid deficiencies, are high in carbohydrates, and lack balanced essential fatty acids, vitamins, minerals and other quality factors. The farmer may sell the grain at the time of delivery or maintain ownership of a share of grain in the pool for later sale. , During the second half of the 20th century there was a significant increase in the production of high-yield cereal crops worldwide, especially wheat and rice, due to an initiative known as the Green Revolution. Edible grains from other plant families, such as buckwheat (Polygonaceae), quinoa (Amaranthaceae) and chia (Lamiaceae), … / any kind of grain used as food / a grain used for food, such as wheat, oats, or corn., Thus, a combination of legumes with grains forms a well-balanced diet for vegetarians. Each cereal product is listed after the cereal from which it is derived. ‘The higher inflation levels as observed in November were largely attributed to rising food prices especially mealie meal, maize grain, cereals and cereal products, meat, fish and kapenta.’ ‘Prepared from germinated and sprouted grain and cereals, their food is rich in various nutrients, vitamins and enzymes and also helps in curing constipation, acidity, piles and skin diseases.’ Amaranth: Pronounced am-uh-ranth, this grain is from Mexico and is similar in yield to rice or maize. What does cereal mean? ), or to their seeds or grain.  Several gods of antiquity combined the functions of what Shang Yang called “the One” – agriculture and war: the Hittite Sun goddess of Arinna, the Canaanite Lahmu and the Roman Janus. Sorghum/Jowar 5. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Barley is the world's fourth most important cereal crop both in terms of area of cultivation and in quantity of grain produced. It has a worldwide consumption but it is a staple food of North America, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, most of the. Definition and synonyms of cereal from the online English dictionary from Macmillan Education.. It is mainly used as stock feed in the cattle, pig and poultry industries.  The outcome of the Cold War followed the Soviet grave and long-lasting cereal crisis, exacerbated by the cereal embargo imposed on the USSR in 1980. Once the cereal plants have grown their seeds, they have completed their life cycle. https://www.thefreedictionary.com/cereal+crop. Another word for cereal. According to Unkovich et al.  He stresses that all modern great powers have traditionally remained first and foremost great cereal powers. ; a food prepared from grain: Consisting of or relating to grain or to a plant producing grain.  The use of soil amendments, including manure, fish, compost and ashes, appears to have begun early, and developed independently in several areas of the world, including Mesopotamia, the Nile Valley and Eastern Asia.. In developed countries, cereal consumption is moderate and varied but still substantial. Similar words of Cereal are also commonly used in daily talk like as Cerealin, Cereals and Cerealian. Crop yield is the measurement most often used for cereal, grain or … Cereal crops will vary by geographic region and climate, but here is a pretty comprehensive list. There is evidence of the cultivation of cereals in Syria approximately 9,000 years ago. Agriculture bred immobility, as populations settled down for long periods of time, which led to the accumulation of material goods. Health benefits of grain foods. Cereal belongs to Kingdom Plantae, Order Poales and Family Poaceae. 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