Jun 16, 2016 - Antarctica is known to be one of the most awe-inspiring destinations of the world. It is claimed that they are the first to see the Antarctic Peninsula. They covered 1356 miles in 6 1/2 weeks, carrying some 4500lb of supplies, making it one of the longest land journeys undertaken to date. 1957-1958 – During the International Geophysical Year of 1957-58, 12 nations establish 50 stations in Antarctica, the beginning of formal, international cooperation. Amundsen planted a Norwegian flag and wrote two letters - one for the King of Norway and one for the British Antarctic Expedition team led by Robert F. Scott. Captain James Weddell sailed to 74˚15’S and found the Weddell Ice Sheet and Sea. The Ross Sea party was a component of Sir Ernest Shackleton's Trans-Antarctic Expedition 1914–17. Home About Antarctica History Exploration and expeditions. Timeline Antarctica. The party then moved south mapping and surveying the coast and setting up the Southern Base in the Debenham Islands, where they made preparations to travel inland during the summer months in George VI Sound, looking for a route to the Weddell Sea and undertaking geological investigations. Their research proved that the area was a peninsula and not an archipelago of islands as had previously been thought. Public timelines; Search; Sign in; Sign up; Antarctica History Timeline created by tenayaan. The investigations continued until 1951 and form the basis of an understanding of modern marine systems. Public timelines ; Search; Sign in; Sign up; Antarctic History Timeline created by asimkhada. Discovered Alexander I Land, Peter I Island, Annenkov Island, & Traversey Island. Early Antarctica History - A Timeline Posted on Jul 12, 2017 @ 04:48 PM 4th Century B.C. 1907-1909 – Shackleton leads an expedition and reaches 88 degrees south, the closest to the geographic South Pole to date. This is especially important for the management of the Southern Oceans where a few species, notably krill, dominate the biological process. Prehistory to the present. That's why I've made a Antarctica Timeline! Antarctica had been a part of " Gondwanaland " (an ancient super continent that was breaking up and doesn't exist any more) for about 200 million years. Antarctica - Antarctica - History: Many nations were involved in the discovery and early exploration of Antarctica. A consequence of this is the reduction of the hypothetical 'Terra Australis'. (See ‘Beneath the Waves’). There are connections between places in Antarctica and New Zealand, and between places in New Zealand and Antarctica. Antarctic timeline. In 1943 the British Government sent a party to report any enemy naval activities in the Antarctic region. The voyage … 16-06-2016 - Antarctica is known to be one of the most awe-inspiring destinations of the world. CIA World Factbook. Go further south and cross into the Antarctic Circle. Antarctica (occasionally known as Bellinsgauzenia, Terra Australis, Terra Incognita or Australia, though the latter term is extremely uncommon) is the southernmost and fifth-largest of the Earth's continents. The first ever sighting of Antarctica, by Fabian Bellinghausen (Russian). Part of a commercial site. 1773 – James Cook becomes the first person to navigate across the Antarctic Circle and proceed to circumnavigate the continent of Antarctica. 1912 1907-1909 Captain Robert Falcon Scott reached the South Pole and realized he was beaten by Amundsen, who was much more prepared. Home of the Blizzard. Bases were established on Antarctica for the first time and other bases were rapidly built. About 650 ce, however, long before European geographers of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance were to conjecture about Terra Australis Incognita, a mythical land to the far south, Rarotongan oral tradition tells of Ui-te-Rangiora, who sailed south of Aotearoa (New Zealand) to a … The timeline of discovering Antarctica and the ‘race’ to the South Pole, from first sighting to Scott, Amundsen, Shackleton and more. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. After crossing the Antarctic Circle they continued to 71˚10’S. He turns back after supplies are exhausted. Jan 1, 1899, The First Winter Was Over Jan 1, 1839, First dog to be in Antarctica Jan 9, 1829, First scientist to work in the Antarctic Jan 27, 1820, Antarctica First Spotted A Brief Biography of Ernest Shackleton. December 1989. Photo: Leonard P Holroyd. After the end of the war in 1945, Tabarin’s three bases and its scientific work were transferred to a new organisation - The Falklands Islands Dependencies Survey (FIDS). About 99% of Antarctica is covered by ice. 1911 On December 14th – Norwegian Roald Amundsen leads a five-man expedition that reaches the geographic South Pole for the first time. See the interesting history of Antarctica from 1815 to 2019, with flags. Antarctica Timeline: 1961. Contact Us, 7 Best Chimu Adventures for Retirement Bucket-list Journeys, https://www.chimuadventures.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Image-1-600x746.jpg, 14 Amazing Antarctica Facts That’ll Blow Your Mind, https://www.chimuadventures.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/antarctica8-600x657.jpg, Antarctica from Australia and New Zealand, Australasian Scientific Antarctic Expedition. Find out more about the expedition at the Scott Polar Research Institute. Cool Antarctica. Timeline showing the dynamic changes occurring in different parts of the Antarctic continent. 1935 – Caroline Mikkelsen, Norway, is the first woman to set foot, albeit briefly, on Antarctica when she accompanies her husband, Klarius Mikkelsen, a whaling captain. In 1914, Shackleton made his third trip to the Antarctic with the ship 'Endurance', planning to cross Antarctica via the South Pole. James cook passes the Antarctic circle James Cook passes the antarctic circle Feb 7, 1821. Before the group were rescued by the refitted Aurora in a relief operation planned by the RGS, three of the party had died including Mackintosh. Against all odds Mawson survives. Captain Robert Falcon Scott led the National Antarctic Expedition which was partly funded by the Royal Geographic Society under its President Sir Clement Markham. The term Antarctic, referring to the opposite of the Arctic Circle, was coined by Marinus of Tyre in the 2nd century AD. Antarctica has been at the forefront of human discovery since it was first sighted two centuries ago. The vast, icy expanse to the south attracted sealers, whalers, explorers and scientist. Antarctica was found ... FFA History Timeline . Exploration and expeditions. The Royal Navy sends Edward Bransfield with William Smith (who had discovered the South Shetland Islands) as pilot, to search the waters south-east of the South Shetlands. 1898 – In March, Adrien de Gerlache and the crew of the Belgica become trapped in pack ice off the Antarctic Peninsula in their first expedition to the continent. Only one of the four occupants was able to swim to safety reaching an ice-flow from which he was rescued thirteen hours later. Charles Wyville Thompson studied the ocean depths. Aug 8, 1914. From the base camp hut set up at Cape Evans on Ross Island, the scientific staff carried out investigations in a wide range of fields, including meteorology, building on the research of the 1901 - 1904 National Antarctic Expedition. Learn about the Australian scientists who sought answers from the unknown wilderness of Antarctica. This whale dwarfs the ship from which it was slaughtered in the Southern Ocean, 1928. History Around 200 million years ago, Antarctica was joined with Australia, Africa, South America, India and New Zealand in the supercontinent Gondwana. Despite atrocious weather, with winds averaging over 60mph, much new information was discovered and new lands surveyed. On pre-1820 maps, when cartographers could only speculate about Antarctica's existence, the hypothetical landmass was termed "Terra Incognita" ("Unknown Land") or "Terra Australis" ("Southern Land"). 4th Century B.C. The Ancient Greeks supposed that such a continent could exist - it was a lucky guess, based mostly on the assumption that there had to be some land mass to balance out the northern continents. Ten million years later, Gondwana began the enormously slow process of breaking into the pieces we recognize today, and the continents, subcontinent and islands began moving into their present positions. These were a series of British funded, scientific studies taking place around the Antarctic Southern Ocean. Arctic Antarctic History Jan 17, 1773. They were the first to use dogs to transport them. Read all about Antarctica's history in this Antarctic Timeline. Unfortunately, their ship Antarctic was crushed in the ice pack after leaving the crew on the island thereby creating two separate groups of explorers. This 'great southern continent' is believed to exist east of Australia and west of Cape Horn. In January 1913 Mawson begins his solo trek back to his base after his two companions die. Mapped part of the Antarctic Peninsula. Captain Carl Larsen landed near the Antarctic Peninsula on Seymour Island and discovered fossils that proved that there was once warm climate in Antarctica. Photo credit: Shutterstock. ), and prohibits military activity except in the support of science (ships, planes etc.). Maps, geological specimens, photographs and diaries were collected from the camp by a search party in the following spring. The remaining crew, through extreme hardship and on the edge of insanity, become the first to survive an Antarctic winter as their ship drifts with the ice. The boat was not sea worthy enough to sail to the whaling station in the north of the island, so Shackleton, Worsley and Crean set off to cross the island on foot over mountains and glaciers for 36 hours to the whaling station from which a rescue could be mounted. You can clearly see how different parts of the continent reach their maximum ice volume and then deglaciate at different times. As a result, it is claimed that he is the first to see the Antarctic Peninsula. The prime objective of their expedition was to reach the South Pole first: they did little scientific experimentation. As a result of the international co-operation displayed through the programme, discussions which led to the signing of the Antarctic Treaty were begun. : Aristotle theorizes that there must be a landmass in the south similar to that of the northern hemisphere. The start of ongoing British study of the Southern Ocean. Funding came from the British government, while the RGS and SPRI endorsed the expedition. Fuchs then continued overland, following the route that Hillary had laid, while Hillary flew back to Scott Base. The expedition makes its way over ice and water to Elephant Island. In the winter of 1821, for the first time ever a party of men spent a winter in Antarctica. From Terra Australis to Antarctica. 1830s-40s – Individual British, French and American expeditions confirm the status of Antarctica as a continent after sailing around the continuous coastline. Ernest Shackleton leads an Jan 1, 1773. The timeline of discovering Antarctica and the ‘race’ to the South Pole, from first sighting to Scott, Amundsen, Shackleton and more. January 1820: Antarctica is first sighted. Ernest Shackleton led the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition aboard the Endurance. Miraculously, the second crew was able to survive the winter and find their way back to Snow Hill Island where the whole … Jan 1, 1773. Discovered Alexander I Land, Peter I Island, Annenkov Island, & Traversey Island. The aims of the expedition were undertaking scientific research, assessing the economic potential of the area and reasserting British sovereignty in the Antarctic Peninsula. 1901-1904 – Captain Robert Falcon Scott, UK, leads his first Antarctic expedition to try to reach the South Pole, with Ernest Shackleton and Edward Wilson. At present, the history of the Antarctic Ice Sheet is unknown: it has been inferred from low-latitude proxy data-principally from oxygen isotopic measurements on deep-ocean benthic foraminifers-and from the record of eustatic sea-level change adduced from sediments on low-latitude margins (e.g., Miller et al., 1987; Haq et al., 1987). Fuchs’ team reached the Pole from the opposite direction on 19 January 1958. Read all about Antarctica's history in this Antarctic Timeline. Music: Industrial Revolution by Kevin MacLeod. Since then the extent of the ozone hole has been monitored continuously using both ground-based and satellite-based techniques. Antarctica Timeline of Exploration: Lesson for Kids 3:44 Next Lesson. The Northern Base was set up on the Argentine Islands off the coast of the Antarctic Peninsula which were of exceptional biological interest. Photo credit: Shutterstock. The last dogs were removed from Antarctica on 22nd February 1994. Orígenes de la psicopedagogía y sus inicios en México y Jalisco. The treaty comes into effect in 1961 and the first meeting is held in Canberra in recognition of Australia’s effort in negotiations. The first women to winter on the continent were Americans Edith Ronne and Jennie Darlington, wives of Ronne Antarctic Research Expedition members in 1947. Dinosaurs … First to sight the continent (Queen Maud Land) on Jan 28, 1820. The maps resulting from these surveys provide base maps on which scientists could plot their results and plan future work. Jan 27, 1820. A small party led by Shackleton sets out in a small boat for South Georgia. Read more about ozone level science at the British Antarctic Survey, Setting up the Antarctic Digital Database (ADD), Version 6.0 of the ADD went live on 1st June 2012. The prime purpose was to determine the magnetic South Pole. The number of bases was increased and extensive scientific and surveying journey made. Markham and the RGS declared it ‘an opportunity for research and advancement in scientific knowledge concerning magnetism, meteorology, biology and geology’. You can clearly see how different parts of the continent reach their maximum ice volume and then deglaciate at different times. 1773 – James Cook becomes the first person to navigate across the Antarctic Circle and proceed to circumnavigate the continent of Antarctica. Music: Industrial Revolution by Kevin MacLeod. Antarctica History - Exploration Time Line. Though the number of Antarctic research stations dropped to 33 by 1960 and reached a low of 30 in 1964, there has been a slow increase ever since. Timeline starting with 350 B.C., jumping to 1773 and up to the present. Under the terms of the Antarctic Treaty’s Environmental Protocol all non-indigenous species had to be removed from Antarctica because of the potential threat to indigenous species, for example through the transmission of disease and killing animals for food for the dogs. Shipwreck on Antarctica. 1959 – The Antarctic Treaty is signed by 12 countries, including Australia. Jun 16, 2016 - Antarctica is known to be one of the most awe-inspiring destinations of the world. Feb 1, … Antarctica timeline | Discovering Antarctica. Poor weather had caused the party in one of the weasel tractors to misjudge they position and they plunged over an ice cliff into the sea. The 100,000 mile route took the Transglobe Expedition team across the Sahara via Tombouctou, through the swamps and jungles of Mali and the Ivory Coast, over huge unexplored crevasse fields in Antarctica, through the inhospitable North West Passage, graveyard of so many famous venturers, and into the unpredictable hazards of the Arctic Ocean. It shows measurements of mean annual air temperature compared with the present from the Vostok ice core in East Antarctica. Public timelines ... Antarctic Explorers Timeline created by homework999. After crossing the Antarctic Circle they continued to 71˚10’S. Central America, Who is Chimu? The collections went to the British Museum of Natural History; their statistical material to the Royal Society; and their journal ‘South Polar Times’, written by the men during the long winters, to the RGS. Douglas Mawson led the Australian Antarctic Expedition. It wasn’t until the late 1800s that the existence of this mythic land was finally confirmed.1773Captain James Cook crosses the Antarctic Circle and circumnavigates Antarctica, though he never actually sights land. ... Antarctica Explorers Timeline created by Threeluksana.Verayouttana. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. James cook passes the Antarctic circle James Cook passes the antarctic circle Feb 7, 1821. 1914-1917 – Shackleton returns to Antarctica in an attempt to complete the first crossing of the continent. Discovery, first used by Scott at the beginning of the 20th Century. The start of ongoing British study of the Southern Ocean through marine cruises by the Offshore Biological Programme, which later became the Pelagic Ecosystem Studies. The Endurance, carrying Shackleton’s party, became stuck in the ice and nine months later eventually sank. UK Discovery Investigations of the Southern Ocean begin. Captain James Cook crosses the Antarctic Circle and circumnavigates Antarctica, though he never actually sights land. The history of Antarctic exploration includes national and international politics, social change, scientiﬁc and technological advances, economics and even the exploration of the Arctic. The party was led by the Norwegian Captain John Giaever, with each country in charge of a different aspect of the expedition. He also surveyed the coast of Robertson Bay and collected specimens of birds, fish, seals and penguins. Period: Jan 1, 1760 to Jan 1, 1970. Find out more about these important investigations at Discovery Investigations. In History. However the expedition did discover Luitpold Land and the Filchner Glacier. A Dark Fic Alternate History from AlternateHistory.com, written by its member D'Valdron.The story concerns a world that is to all appearances like ours, until Captain Cook discovers an enormous, technically sophisticated civilization in Antarctica that has been developing on its own, quite unaware of the rest of humanity. A Brief History of Chile. Carsten Borchgrevink, a Norwegian, led the British Antarctic Expedition, funded by an English publisher. HISTORIA DE LA PSICOLOGIA. Order Brochure The support party waiting on the other side of the continent is eventually rescued in 1917. 1821 February the 7th. Before 1945, I've concentrated on the expeditions that opened up the continent. Until 1780 – Terra Australis . Work on meteorological observations continued as did studies of penguins and seals. Trail in the wake of Ernest Shackleton and his courageous exploration of Antarctica with Chimu Adventures or go on one of the many other trips the to the world’s most remote wilderness. Antarctica is the Earth's southernmost continent.It is on the South Pole.It is almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle.Around Antarctica is the Southern Ocean.It is the fifth-largest continent in area after Asia, Africa, North America, and South America. Die 3200 Meter lange und 45 Meter breite Landebahn im Hinterland der Budd-Küste im Wilkesland auf dem antarktischen Kontinent wird mit einem Airbus A319 … U2A1. Captain Cook crossed the Antarctic Circle 1773 - 1775 Captain James Cook and his crew became the first people to cross the Antarctic Circle. The Antarctic Timeline. In the meantime their ship was crushed and they were forced to spend two winters in Antarctica until they were rescued by an Argentinean ship. 1820 to 1821-Bellingshausen, USSR, Bransfield, UK, PAlamer abd USA. All sightings are of the Antarctic Peninsula, the most northerly region of Antarctica. Photo credit: Shutterstock. It would be an historical event and would also contribute to scientific knowledge as over half of the 1,800 mile journey would be over unexplored territory. 1992 There was also an extensive programme of scientific experiments and explorations. Page 5 – Timeline. But what do we know about its history? Explore this timeline to see some key dates in the early discoveries of this icy continent. The Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen was the first to reach the Sorth Pole on Dec. 14, 1911. Related links. Overwintering in Hope Bay and on Paulet. by Oceanwide Expeditions Blog Regions: Antarctica. The purpose of the investigations was to develop a better understanding of conservation of stocks and the ocean food chain. 1769-70 James Cook voyages to New Zealandto determine the eastern tip of the land Tasman had sighted. Find out more about their current activities at the British Antarctic Survey website. These included research in Antarctica where 12 countries were engaged in research at 52 stations. The expedition was not without difficulties. 1772 - 1775. Communications. The Antarctic Treaty, signed by the 12 nations participating in the IGY, went into force in 1961. Ernest Shackleton led the British Antarctic Expedition on the Nimrod to try to reach the South Pole, this time accompanied by Frank Wild, Eric Marshall and Jameson Adams. 1819-21 – Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen (a captain in the Russian Imperial Navy) cast his eyes on the Antarctic continent on 27 January 1820, three days before Edward Bransfield (a captain in the British Royal Navy) sighted land, and ten months before Nathaniel Palmer did in November First to sight the continent (Queen Maud Land) on Jan 28, 1820. Photo credit: Shutterstock. Ships, aircraft, dogs and mechanised vehicles have supported Australia's activities in Antarctica. Click here fore more information and inspiration. Timeline showing the dynamic changes occurring in different parts of the Antarctic continent. Surveyed South Sandwich Islands. The men were marooned until the ice broke up enough for them to get to Elephant Island, where Shackleton, along with Worsley, Crean, McNeish, McCarthy and Vincent set sail in the James Caird, one of the lifeboats from the Endurance, to seek the rescue of all the men. The Treaty preserves Antarctica for peaceful scientific study, sets aside all territorial claims, bars nuclear materials (weapons, power stations etc. On 28 November 1979, 237 passengers and 20 crew were killed when Air New Zealand Flight TE901 crashed into Mt Erebus, Antarctica. Antarctica Timeline: Mid 1900s. In 1994 there were 37 active, year-round stations operated by 17 nations. They mark an important stage in British oceanographic studies of the marine ecosystem by employing new techniques in large scale multi-disciplinary study. Circumnavigated Antarctica. The Halley Research Station was established in 1956 and the first permanent base at the Scott Amundson Base South Pole in 1957, using air transport as part of the programme. Captain James Clark Ross discovered the coast of Victoria Land, sighted Mount Erebus (which is an active volcano) and found the Ross Sea and Ross Ice Shelf. A Brief History of Antarctica in Maps. Glacial and geological studies would take place both on the journey and by scientists at the bases. Transglobe Expedition led by Randolph Fiennes. Later, it is renamed “Terra Australis incognita”, or “The Unknown South Land.” I hope you enjoy! The boat sailed through mountainous seas in gale force winds and eventually reached South Georgia. Find out more about the removal of sledge dogs, www.unlockingthearchives.rgs.org/themes/antarctica. There is a New Zealand connection to a number of triumphs and tragedies that have occurred in Antarctica. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. 1982 – Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) established. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. John Biscoe found islands around Graham Land. Wilhelm Filchner led an expedition on board the Deutschland to determine if Antarctica was a continent. International Geophysical Year was an international scientific project that lasted from 1st July 1957 to 31st December 1958, with all major countries taking part in a variety of different scientific projects. The Antarctic Circumpolar Current, the world’s largest ocean current, moves eastward around the continent at an average speed of about half a knot (1 kilometer per hour). Otto Nordenskjold a Swedish geologist and five other men undertook the first exploration by sledge. The party made up of Scott, Wilson, Bowers, Oates and Evans reached the South Pole on 17 January 1912, 33 days after Amundsen’s party. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. In Uncategorized. Norwegian Roald Amundsen and four other men were the first to reach the South Pole on 12 December 2011 thanks to a new route that only took them 57 days. Antarctica is known to be one of the most awe-inspiring destinations of the world. Antarctica Timeline Antartica's History is very interesting. A small party led by Shackleton sets out in a small boat for South Georgia. In Uncategorized. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. Pioneers in Antarctica. 16-06-2016 - Antarctica is known to be one of the most awe-inspiring destinations of the world. A party of eight men were left at Shackleton base to over-winter and set up the base, but valuable stores were left on the ice during a blizzard and were lost when the ice shelf broke up. 1928 – Australian Sir George Wilkins and American Carl Benjamin Eielson are the first to fly over Antarctica around the peninsula region. 1998 – Madrid Protocol enters into force, designating Antarctica’s ‘natural reserve devoted to peace and science’ and prohibiting mining in Antarctica. The men used green-tinted goggles to combat snow-blindness, skis and a mixture of ponies, dogs, motor sledges and man-hauling to reach the Pole. Algis Ratnikas. Timelines of Antarctica. Jan 17, 1773. The following summer Fuchs returned and Hillary's team set up Scott Base in McMurdo Sound on the Ross sea. Timeline Research Station Global Warming In Antarctica Click Here to view a Timeline Of Significant Events In The History Of Antartica. Antarctica Timeline: Early 1900s. Gentoo Pengiuns in Antarctica. The Norwegian - British - Swedish Expedition (NBSAE) of 1949-52 was the first expedition in Antarctica involving an international team of scientists. The expedition was led by Captain Scott and included a scientific staff of twelve. 1911-1914 – Mawson returns to Antarctica to lead the Australasian Scientific Antarctic Expedition, the first to be organised and led by an Australian, pioneering use of aircraft and radio in Antarctic exploration. The idea of a large southern continent had been around for ages - in fact, the name "Antarctica" was coined far before anyone was even close to actually finding it. Funding was difficult, so a small four-man party set out. The Weddell seal got its name during these expeditions. The History of Antarctica starts off with the European discoverers. It seeks to conserve Antarctica and it is regularly revised. It was the last major landmass to be discovered by humans, and was first inhabited around 10,000 BCE, by Fuegian and Tehuelche peoples who arrived via South America. Here are some of the most significant moments: 17 January 1773 Captain James Cook, in the Resolution, is the first explorer to knowingly cross the … Captain Robert Falcon Scott led the British Antarctic Expedition aboard the Terra Nova with the aim of reaching the South Pole as a major and public objective. They survived by using supplies left in the hut by the Scott expedition in 1912. Fuchs’ job was to set up depots on the Polar Plateau using air reconnaissance and tractors. British Expedition to Graham Land led by John Cope. Go beyond the normal Antarctica tour areas. Learn about Australian expeditions to the icy continent, from the 18th century to today. One scientific journey in search of birds, to Cape Crozier, was undertaken during the Antarctic winter and is described in the book: ‘The Worst Journey in the World’ by Apsley Cherry-Garrard. The story of Australian communications in Antarctica is one of technology, ingenuity and dogged determination. See the interesting history of Antarctica from 1815 to 2019, with flags. Long before human eyes ever beheld Antarctica, the ancients were convinced it existed – or at least something like it. 1929-1931 – Mawson leads the British, Australian and New Zealand expedition that explores and maps the coastline of what was in 1936 to become the Australian Antarctic Territory, covering 42% of the continent. The overland party finally arrived at Scott Base on March 2, 1958, having completed the historic crossing of 3,473km (2,158 miles) of previously unexplored snow and ice in 99 days. The Trans-Antarctic Expedition led by Sir Vivian Fuchs and supported by Sir Edmund Hillary undertook the first crossing of the Antarctic from the Weddell Sea to the Ross Sea via the South Pole. Antarctica History Timeline created by tenayaan. Although he doesn’t gain a visual on land, he does see deposits of rock in icebergs, which proved … ROMA. Members of the party were also the first to climb Mount Erebus and to reach the South Magnetic Pole. An ambitious expedition was planned to circumnavigate Antarctica and undertake the first flight over the South Pole. Though the ancient Greeks first hypothesized the existence of a southern landmass, Antarctica remained undiscovered throughout most of human history. Home » Antarctica: The Frozen Continent » Timeline . The Antarctic Treaty was drawn up in 1959 and it came into force in 1961. The expedition makes its way over ice and water to Elephant Island. 1958 - Vivian Fuchs successfully leads the first land expedition across Antarctica. 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