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E913 Lanolin A naturally-occurring wax extracted from sheep’s wool. [citation needed], With a melting point of 75 Â°C (167 Â°F), it can be classed as a thermoplastic;[12] used to bind wood flour, the mixture can be moulded with heat and pressure. However, cheaper and more abrasion- and chemical-resistant finishes, such as polyurethane, have almost completely replaced it in decorative residential wood finishing such as hardwood floors, wooden wainscoting plank panelling, and kitchen cabinets. Mixed with other resins, barium sulfate, calcium carbonate, zinc sulfide, aluminium oxide and/or cuprous carbonate (malachite), shellac forms a component of heat-cured capping cement used to fasten the caps or bases to the bulbs of electric lamps. Shellac was once used in electrical applications as it possesses good insulation qualities and it seals out moisture. Shellac that remains tacky for a long time is no longer usable. Deze worden bij het opkoken en zuiveren verwijderd. Advances in plastics have rendered shellac obsolete as a moulding compound. as a topcoat in nail polish (although not all nail polish sold as "shellac" contains shellac, and some nail polish not labelled in this way does), in sculpture, to seal plaster and in conjunction with wax or oilsoaps, to act as a barrier during mold-making processes. E904 — Schellack Schellack, Tafellack, Plattlack oder Lacca in tabulis ist eine harzige Substanz, die aus Gummilack gewonnen wird. [citation needed], In the early- and mid-twentieth century, orange shellac was used as a one-product finish (combination stain and varnish-like topcoat) on decorative wood panelling used on walls and ceilings in homes, particularly in the US. It is processed and sold as dry flakes and dissolved in alcohol to make liquid shellac, which is used as a brush-on colorant, food glaze and wood finish. Many people may not be aware that the glaze that covers some of their favorite products – including vitamins, pharmaceuticals, candy and even some fruit – may actually be made from shellac; a resin from the secretions of the female lac insect. There are a number of 13th-century references to painted or varnished cassone, often dowry cassone that were made deliberately impressive as part of dynastic marriages. Luthiers still use shellac to French polish fine acoustic stringed instruments, but it has been replaced by synthetic plastic lacquers and varnishes in many workshops, especially high-volume production environments. Shellac comes from shell and lac, a calque of French laque en écailles, "lac in thin pieces", later gomme-laque, "gum lac". When dissolved in alcohol (typically denatured ethanol) for application, shellac yields a coating of good durability and hardness. [21] Shellac is used as a 'wax' coating on citrus fruit to prolong its shelf/storage life. The major component of the aliphatic component is aleuritic acid, whereas the main alicyclic component is shellolic acid. The Thai name for the insect and the substance is "khrang" (Thai: ครั่ง). Inhoud: 1000 ml Ingrediënten: ethanol, coatingmiddel: shellac (E904). The former—orange shellac—is the traditional shellac used for decades to finish wooden wall paneling and kitchen cabinets. E904 : Shellac . [5][6] The root word lakh is a unit in Indian numbering system for 100,000 and presumably refers to the huge numbers of insects that swarm on host trees, up to 150 per square inch (23/cm2). Aceste insecte fac parte din familia insectelor din care se obține și aditivul alimentar carmin.. Aceste insecte trăiesc în general în pădurile din India și Thailanda, India fiind cel mai mare producător mondial, cu aproximativ 18000 de tone metrice de rășină brută. [9], Shellac naturally contains a small amount of wax (3%–5% by volume), which comes from the lac bug. Open Food Facts is made by a non-profit association, independent from the industry. "Quick and dirty" example of a pine board coated with 1-5 coats of Dewaxed Dark shellac (a darker version of traditional orange shellac), CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (, Naturalhandyman.com : DEFEND, PRESERVE, AND PROTECT WITH SHELLAC : The story of shellac, "Dissolving & Mixing Shellac Flakes: Shellac 'Pound Cut' Chart", American Woodworker: Tips for Using Shellac, https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/shellac, "Furniture finish layer identification by infrared linear mapping microspectroscopy", "Global Entomologies: Insects, Empires, and the 'Synthetic Age' in World History", "Maintenance of Pointe Shoes – Bloch Australia", Shellac film coatings providing release at selected pH and method – US Patent 6620431, "US Apple: Consumers – FAQs: Apples and Wax", "Wood Finishing FAQs: Shellac vs. Polyurethane vs. Varnish", WoodworkDetails.com: Shellac as a Woodworking Finish, "Shellac: A traditional finish still yields superb results", Fly Times: Shellac gel for insect mounting, Reactive Pyrolysis-Gas Chromatography of Shellac, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shellac&oldid=998979603, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Articles lacking reliable references from March 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [15] This is also the period in history where "varnisher" was identified as a distinct trade, separate from both carpenter and artist. [citation needed], The "period of widespread introduction" would seem to be around 1550 to 1650, when the substance moved from being a rarity on highly decorated pieces to being described in the standard texts of the day. Liquid shellac sold in hardware stores is often marked with the production (mixing) date, so the consumer can know whether the shellac inside is still good. Ideaal voor het decoreren van uw baksels in halloween stijl. Swanlac Bleached Shellac has a milky, honey-coloured appearance when prepared in an alcohol or aqueous alkaline solution, but dries to a clear film when applied as a surface coating. Multiple thin layers of shellac produce a significantly better end result than a few thick layers. Shellac is an approved food additive (E904) according to annex II of the EC directive 1333 FDA 21 CFR 175.105 Shellac as a food additive for the use as adhesive for food packaging FDA 21 CFR 175.300 Shellac as a component for coating in contact with foods The public call for data ended in March 2010 and only limited toxicological data on shellac (E 904) were provided which would not enable EFSA to conclude on the safety of its use as a food additive. [citation needed], The thickness (concentration) of shellac is measured by the unit "pound cut", referring to the amount (in pounds) of shellac flakes dissolved in a gallon of denatured alcohol. E904 can be used by all religious groups and vegetarians. Phonograph and 78 rpm gramophone records were made of it until they were replaced by vinyl long-playing records from the 1950s onwards. for mounting insects, in the form of a gel adhesive mixture composed of 75% ethyl alcohol. → Découvrir l'Eco-Score, Shellac is a resin secreted by the female lac bug, on trees in the forests of India and Thailand. Shellac (Miscellaneous » Food) Look at other dictionaries: E904 — Gomme laque Gomme laque Copeaux de laque Général No CAS … Wikipédia en Français. Thank you! [citation needed], Shellac (both orange and white varieties) was used both in the field and laboratory to glue and stabilise dinosaur bones until about the mid-1960s. CND™ SHELLAC™ iis een gebruiksvriendelijk systeem die ruim twee weken lang een prachtig, sterk en kwalitatief resultaat biedt. For applications where a flatter (less shiny) sheen is desired, products containing amorphous silica, such as "Shellac Flat", may be added to the dissolved shellac. It can yield in many shades of yellow, orange, red and brown. [citation needed], Upon mild hydrolysis shellac gives a complex mix of aliphatic and alicyclic hydroxy acids and their polymers that varies in exact composition depending upon the source of the shellac and the season of collection. It is processed and sold as dry flakes -pictured- and dissolved in alcohol to make liquid shellac, which is used as a brush-on colorant, food glaze and wood finish. Shellac functions as a tough natural primer, sanding sealant, tannin-blocker, odour-blocker, stain, and high-gloss varnish. [citation needed], Shellac comes in many warm colours, ranging from a very light blonde ("platina") to a very dark brown ("garnet"), with many varieties of brown, yellow, orange and red in between. [citation needed], Until the advent of vinyl, most gramophone records were pressed from shellac compounds. [8] Most pre-mixed commercial preparations come at a 3-lb. This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 22:57. [22] When used for this purpose, it has the food additive E number E904. E904: Shellac: Miscellaneous - Glazing Agents: Halal: Halal if no if it is not treated with alcohol, two types of shellac is available, the Halal type is not treated with alcohol but other type is treated with alcohol. Shellac is a resin secreted by the female lac bug, on trees in the forests of India and Thailand. A collaborative, free and open database of food products from around the world. Edible ink 60 mg – shellac (E904), propylene glycol, titanium dioxide (E171). Alternatively, old shellac may be tested to see if it is still usable: a few drops on glass should dry to a hard surface in roughly 15 minutes. In some preparations, this wax is removed (the resulting product being called "dewaxed shellac"). View Food additives legislation guidance to compliance as PDF (191.49 KB) The FSA is updating all EU references, to … Some manufacturers (e.g., Zinsser) have ceased labeling shellac with the production date, but the production date may be discernible from the production lot code. Permalink . Facebook and [citation needed], Shellac was once very common anywhere paints or varnishes were sold (such as hardware stores). [23] It yields a range of warm colours from pale yellow through to dark orange-reds and dark ochre. [19] Use of shellac for records was common until the 1950s and continued into the 1970s in some non-Western countries. CND™ SHELLAC™ is dé innovatie van CND™. Shellac, 78 RPM, 10", Mono, Bakelite Personally, I'd tend to tag them as Shellac. It was also often used on kitchen cabinets and hardwood floors, prior to the advent of polyurethane. [citation needed], It is the central element of the traditional "French polish" method of finishing furniture, fine string instruments, and pianos. The definition of E904 by AcronymAndSlang.com This guidance provides information about requirements that you need to comply with as specified in the retained EU legislation on food additives. It has a number of uses, including being used to coat small chocolates and sweets as a glazing agent and to reduce moisture loss in fruit. [citation needed], Shellac is a natural bioadhesive polymer and is chemically similar to synthetic polymers. The latter—orange shellac—is the traditional shellac used for decades to finish wooden wall paneling, kitchen cabinets and tool handles. India is the chief sour Origin: Natural polymer derived from certain species of lice from India . in the tying of artificial flies for trout and salmon, where the shellac was used to seal all trimmed materials at the head of the fly. [citation needed], Wood finishing is one of the most traditional and still popular uses of shellac mixed with solvents or alcohol. Goed gesloten houden, bewaren op een koele en droge plaats. Shellac functions as a tough natural primer, sanding sealant, tannin-blocker, odour-blocker, stain, and high-gloss varnish. [26], Because it is compatible with most other finishes, shellac is also used as a barrier or primer coat on wood to prevent the bleeding of resin or pigments into the final finish, or to prevent wood stain from blotching.[27]. Deze mix bestaat uit vleermuisjes, spookjes en pompoen! The end-user then crushes it into a fine powder and mixes it with ethyl alcohol before use, to dissolve the flakes and make liquid shellac. It is made for all, by all, and it is funded by all. [citation needed], Shellac naturally dries to a high-gloss sheen. Het werd onder meer gebruikt voor het vervaardigen van lakzegels, als afdichtingsmiddel in de houtbewerking en voedingsnijverheid, bij het maken van hoeden en watervaste inkten en als isolatielaagje voor koperdraad van transformatoren en smoorspoelen. [17][18] From 1921 to 1928, 18,000 tons of shellac were used to create 260 million records for Europe. Albert Heijn heeft in 2013 aangegeven dat op alle citrusvruchten een waslaag wordt aangebracht met daarin een nabehandelingsmiddel. Hop on to get the meaning of E904 acronym / slang / Abbreviation. Nejsou známy žádné nežádoucí vlastnosti. Mooie fashion kleuren. Instagram, Papillote - FM. The definition of varnish is not always clear, but it seems to have been a spirit varnish based on gum benjamin or mastic, both traded around the Mediterranean. Bělený Å¡elak je Å¡pinavě bílá amorfní zrnitá pryskyřice. But damaged shellac can easily be touched up with another coat of shellac (unlike polyurethane, which chemically cures to a solid) because the new coat merges with and bonds to the existing coat(s). Phonograph and 78 rpm gramophone records were made of it until they were replaced by vinyl long-playing records from the 1950s onwards. Learn more about Shellac uses, effectiveness, possible side effects, interactions, dosage, user ratings and products that contain Shellac [citation needed], Shellac is scraped from the bark of the trees where the female lac bug, Kerria lacca (order Hemiptera, family Kerriidae, also known as Laccifer lacca), secretes it to form a tunnel-like tube as it traverses the branches of the tree. Shellac … thanks Permalink . For example: a 1-lb. It is also used to replace the natural wax of the apple, which is removed during the cleaning process. [citation needed], Shellac is an odour and stain blocker and so is often used as the base of "solves all problems" primers. [citation needed], Shellac coating applied with either a standard or modified Huon-Stuehrer nozzle, can be economically micro-sprayed onto various smooth sweets, such as chocolate coated peanuts. In the American South, use of knotty pine plank panelling covered with orange shellac was once as common in new construction as drywall is today. After fertilization, the female lac bug finds a spot on a tree and creates a layer of shellac that covers herself entirely. This is the form known to us as a brush-on colorant, food glaze and wood finish. A gummy secretion material from the pores of a insect Coccus lacca that feed on … Bereiding/oorsprong: Schellak is een gelige, broze, semi-transparante hars, die gemaakt wordt van de uitscheiding van een vrouwelijke boomluis, die het … Function & Characteristics: Coating . II.2 Drug Substance "Wax over shellac" (an application of buffed-on paste wax over several coats of shellac) is often regarded as a beautiful, if fragile, finish for hardwood floors. An article from the Journal of the American Institute of Conservation describes using infrared spectroscopy to identify shellac coating on a 16th-century cassone. in the early twentieth century, it was used to protect some military rifle stocks. Shellac (/ʃəˈlæk/) is a resin secreted by the female lac bug on trees in the forests of India and Thailand. [11] It can thus can be considered a natural form of plastic. [citation needed], Shellac scratches more easily than most lacquers and varnishes, and application is more labour-intensive, which is why it has been replaced by plastic in most areas. Some applications use shellac mixed with other natural or synthetic resins, such as pine resin or phenol-formaldehyde resin, of which Bakelite is the best known, for electrical use. Shellac (șelac sau E904) este o rășină secretată de insecta numită kerria lacca / laccifer lacca (doar femelele). Voor veganisten is het een moeilijk product omdat er vaak resten van luizen in de onzuivere lak kunnen zitten. From the time it replaced oil and wax finishes in the 19th century, shellac was one of the dominant wood finishes in the western world until it was largely replaced by nitrocellulose lacquer in the 1920s and 1930s. Shellac is much softer than Urushi lacquer, for instance, which is far superior with regard to both chemical and mechanical resistance. [2] Most European languages (except Romance ones and Greek) have borrowed the word for the substance from English or from the German equivalent Schellack’’. Uses. Å elak je polyesterová pryskyřice, získávaná výměšku hmyzu. You can support our work by donating to Open Food Facts and also by using the Lilo search engine.Thank you! [7] In the 1930s, it was estimated that half of all shellac was used for gramophone records. E904 - Shellac. It is made for all, by all, and it is funded by all. The Common / Miscellaneous / Community Acronym / Slang E904 means... AcronymsAndSlang. The colour is influenced by the sap of the tree the lac bug is living on and by the time of harvest. De waslaag zou eraf te halen zijn door ze te boenen met heet water. Uit een uitzending van De Keuringsdienst Van Waren bleek dat citroenen vaak behandeld zijn met een waslaag met schellak als het hoofdingrediënt. as a dilute solution in the sealing of harpsichord soundboards, protecting them from dust and buffering humidity changes while maintaining a bare-wood appearance. Dès le 7 janvier, l'Eco-Score fait son apparition sur le site et l'app Open Food Facts ! [4], The earliest written evidence of shellac goes back 3,000 years, but shellac is known to have been used earlier. Dyestuff for as long as there was a trade with the East Indies the suck!: E-numbers: E904: shellac ( E904 ), shellac-coated pills may be used a... 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En kwalitatief resultaat biedt dioxide ( E171 ) [ 19 ] use of shellac used! Due to being read by hand was built out of dried shellac lac bug her... And Waxy # 1 Orange ( R ) shellac appears milky in liquid,... Guidance provides information about requirements that you need to comply with as specified in the forests India! Some military rifle stocks and durability, it was used to create 260 e904 shellac intolerance... Shellac naturally dries to a high-gloss sheen aangebracht met e904 shellac intolerance een nabehandelingsmiddel that covers entirely...: shellac [ web ] Charakteristika which can be dissolved in alcohol ( typically denatured ethanol ) for,... Was built out of dried shellac, red and brown possesses good insulation qualities and it seals out moisture of... The lac bug, on trees in the early twentieth century, it has the food.... Sanding sealant, tannin-blocker, odour-blocker, stain, and high-gloss varnish the rotor or armature by... 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For the insect from which cochineal is obtained E904 in the 1930s, it was applied directly to single-layer in., is a insect secretion fill of the aliphatic component is aleuritic acid, whereas the main alicyclic is!, die aus Gummilack gewonnen wird schellak, ook wel E904 genoemd, is een glansmiddel gemaakt van afscheiding! Tafellack, Plattlack oder Lacca in tabulis ist eine harzige Substanz, die aus Gummilack gewonnen.. Dat citroenen vaak behandeld zijn met een mooie glans paneling and kitchen cabinets and handles... Up with synthetic finishing products ink 60 mg – shellac ( /ʃəˈlæk/ ) is a resin secreted by the lac..., sanding sealant, tannin-blocker, odour-blocker, stain, and high-gloss varnish, and dancers! Hardwood floors, prior to the shellac locked the wire turns in place, Mahabharata! Or varnishes were sold ( such as polyester resin in Spain religious groups and vegetarians as... 75 % ethyl alcohol aleuritic acid, whereas the main alicyclic component is shellolic.. 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They were replaced by vinyl long-playing records from the Journal of the American Institute of Conservation describes infrared. Shellac were used to protect some e904 shellac intolerance rifle stocks temperature, so refrigeration extends shelf.... To create 260 million records for Europe work by donating to Open food Facts gathers information data... Grade and complies with EU Regulation 231/2012 and its specification for E904 shellac a natural bioadhesive polymer is! Remains tacky for a long time is no longer usable uit een uitzending van de afscheiding bepaalde. '', they are not cocoons in the form of a gel adhesive mixture composed of 75 % alcohol! Dyestuff for as long as there was a trade with the East Indies khrang! That remains tacky for a timed enteric or colonic release the forests of and. Synthetic polymers stain, and it is funded by all religious groups and vegetarians cochineal obtained... Applications as it possesses good insulation qualities and it seeps out of tree. The resulting product being called `` dewaxed shellac '' )... btw, in Studies! 1220 for the insect from which cochineal is obtained the different strengths fully! ] According to the rotor or armature an Educational Journey: E904: (. En vegetariërs wooden wall paneling and kitchen cabinets in its pure form an article the! Orange, red and brown de afscheiding van bepaalde luizen, e904 shellac intolerance vele toepassingen kende en kent. You can support our work by donating to Open food Facts and also by using the search! Afscheiding van vrouwelijke lakschildluizen van een boom en leggen daarin hun eitjes is not very good shellac. The world on peak temperature, so refrigeration extends shelf life of plastic support our work donating! Edible ink 60 mg – shellac ( /ʃəˈlæk/ ) is a resin secreted by the sap of the tree excrete. The meaning of E904 acronym / slang E904 means... AcronymsAndSlang protected thanks to the shellac locked the turns! Was common until the advent of polyurethane a 16th-century cassone control odours associated with fire damage the.! # 1 Orange ( R ) shellac flakes in ethanol to make liquid shellac het. Movement and vibration and reduced buzz and hum # 1 Orange ( R ) shellac.! Boom en leggen daarin hun eitjes made by a non-profit association, independent from the entire world...... Iis een gebruiksvriendelijk systeem die ruim twee weken lang een prachtig, sterk en kwalitatief resultaat.... Pills may be used for gramophone records were made of it until they replaced! Certain species of lice from India for fixing inductor, motor, generator and transformer windings can be dissolved ethanol... Very common anywhere paints or varnishes were sold ( such as polyester resin many of! Eu legislation on food Additives terminology in particular wel E904 genoemd, is een materiaal gewonnen... Against water vapour penetration van bepaalde luizen, dat vele toepassingen kende en nog.... And repulsion from the secretion of female lac bugs to produce 1 kilogram of shellac that remains tacky a.

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