. Yields of alcohol (182 ° proof) per tonne of sorghum grain are comparable with maize (387 vs 372 l). One-degree Brix is equal to 1 gram of sugar in 100 grams of juice. Mohrenhirse (Sorghum bicolor), auch Sorgho, Dari, Durrakorn (nach arabisch ذرة dhura), Besenkorn, Guineakorn, Shallu, Milo oder Jowar genannt, ist die wichtigste Hirse-Art aus der Gattung Sorghum innerhalb der Familie der Süßgräser (Poaceae). One tonne of sweet sorghum biomass has the potential to yield 74 l of 200 ° proof alcohol. Upon removal of excess water in the evaporator, sugars are then concentrated and the sorghum syrup is formed. The origin and early domestication of sorghum took place in northeastern Africa. From July to late October, sweet sorghum harvest is critically timed around sugar concentration in the juice of the stalk, which occurs when it is at its highest point. It was unknown in the Mediterranean area into Roman times. On May 8, 2018. The crop prefers warm moist soil for germination and emergence. Srinivasa Rao P, Sanjana Reddy P, Rathore A, Reddy BVS, Panwar S (2011a) Application of GGE biplot and AMMI model to evaluate sweet sorghum hybrids for genotype × environment interaction and seasonal adaptation. industry = 'Industries'; Sugar concentration is measured in Brix. Sweet sorghum thrives better under drier and warmer conditions than many other crops and is grown primarily for forage, silage, and syrup production. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. Sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is a multipurpose crop (food, feed, fodder and fuel) that has the potential as an alternative biofuel feedstock without impacting food and fodder security.This chapter entitled “Sweet sorghum: From theory to practice” discusses on the historical developments in sweet sorghum and immense range of genetic variability that was available … A quantitative insight into the production-ecological sustainability of sweet sorghum biofuel feedstock production systems has been discussed. Despite the antiquity of sorghum, it arrived late to the Near East. Media in category "Sweet sorghum" The following 10 files are in this category, out of 10 total. Sorghum adapted to a wide range of environments throughout Africa, spreading from the highlands of Ethiopia to the semi-arid Sahel. Data Dosen Program Studi Agribisnis Sweet Sorghum History: To start the sweet sorghum story, and for it to make any sense at all, we have to turn back the sweet time machine 160 years. It is a native of Africa, a drought- … Sorghum is planted between February and July, depending on the location of the farm. In China, sweet sorghum is primarily used for silage preparation. It’s that history, its strong ties to the American South and balanced, umami-rich sweetness that has chefs returning to sorghum, using it as a key ingredient in everything from cocktails to foie gras. Sorghum is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae, which includes about 25 species. Sweet sorghum is generally harvested either by a cane harvester or by hand. This chapter entitled “Sweet sorghum: From theory to practice” discusses on the historical developments in sweet sorghum and immense range of genetic variability that was available in major sorghum regions of the world. … The crop then spread to India and China and eventually worked its way into Australia. Based on the findings of the screening assessment and the qualitative evaluation, recommendations regarding the need for further research as well as … Sweet sorghum is any of the many varieties of the sorghum grass whose stalks have a high sugar content. J Agric Res 75:295–300, Reddy BVS, Ramesh S, Ashok Kumar A, Wani SP, Ortiz R, Ceballos H, Sreedevi TK (2008) Bio-fuel crops research for energy security and rural development in developing countries. Hybrid sorghums were first … The breeding efforts in Brazil, USA and China on this crop are briefly narrated. HISTORY OF SORGHUM IMPROVEMENT using crosses between local varieties or local exotic for variety production; and (3) exploitation of heterosis through the development of single-cross hybrids from inbred parents (Yang, 1997). The name "sweet sorghum" is used to identify varieties of sorghum, Sorghum bicolor, that are sweet and juicy. History of sweet sorghum syrup R&D United States of America (U.S.A.) was the pioneer in producing syrup from SS. Heterosis breeding has been the main method of … The earliest known record of sorghum comes from an archeological dig at Nabta Playa, near the Egyptian-Sudanese border, dated 8,000 B.C. One species, Sorghum bicolor, was originally domesticated in Africa and has since spread throughout the globe. The plant grows to a height of from about 120 to more than 400 cm with a sugar content of 16–23% BX, depending on the varieties and growth. The crop then spread to India and China and … 77. Vinall HN, Stephens JC, Martin JH (1936) Identification, history, and distribution of common sorghum varieties. Sorghum adapted to a wide range of environments throughout Africa, spreading from the highlands of Ethiopia to the semi-arid Sahel. The latter is especially true in the more drought prone areas of South Africa where this hardy crop provides better household food security than maize. The earliest known record of sorghum comes from an archeological dig at Nabta Playa, near the Egyptian-Sudanese border, dated 8,000 B.C. History of Sweet Sorghum. Agron J 102:319–326, Ziggers D (2006) Sorghum—the multipurposes grass. You are now exiting the Sorghum Checkoff website to a third-party website. Crop Sci 12:172–176, House LR (1980) A guide to sorghum breeding. Cite as. Sorghum is the world's fifth-most important cereal crop after rice, wheat, maize, and barley, with 59.34 million metric tons of annual global production in 2018. Tenth century records indicate it was widely grown in Iraq, and became the principal food of Kirman in Persia. FAO (1995) Sorghum and millets in human nutrition. Abstract. Information Bulletin No. Texas Agricultural Experimental Station, Stephenville, USA, Srinivasa Rao P, Rao SS, Seetharama N, Umakanth AV, Sanjana Reddy P, Reddy BVS, Gowda CLL (2009) Sweet sorghum for biofuel and strategies for its improvement. The sweet sorghum varieties NS-109 and NS-106, forage sorghum SS405, and biomass sorghum NS-201, NS-203, and NS-205 had estimated fermentable sugar yields that matched those recorded for the sweet sorghum NS-110. Today, thanks to American farmers, sorghum can be enjoyed in your favorite foods. 4.2. Acervuli of Colletotrichum sublineolum on Sweet sorghum.jpg 720 × 540; 42 KB. Following planting, sorghum seeds grow into plants 3-5 feet tall with 15-18 leaves. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru. Bioresour Technol 96:985–1002, Harlan JR, de Wet JMJ (1972) A simplified classification of cultivated sorghums. Afr J Agric Res 4:772–780, Audilakshmi S, Aruna C, Garud TB, Nayakar NY, Atale SB, Veerabadhiran P, Dayakar B Rao, Ratnavathi CV, Indira S (2005) A technique to enhance the quality and market value of rainy season sorghum grain. Forage Research in Texas. 27, ISBN 92-5-103381-1. Sweet sorghum is a high biomass and sugar yielding crop. The History of Sorghum. Sorghum is considered an ancient grain. From July to late October, sorghum grain is harvested using a combine that separates the grain from the plant. SS was introduced into U.S.A. probably from China in the 1850s and for the next three decades it was extensively cultivated for syrup production. Sweet Sorghum: Production and Processing is available as a downloadable PDF for $10.00. The history of sorghum, an Old World grass, is intertwined with war, independence and poverty. FAO Food and Nutrition Series, No. 4201 N. Interstate 27Lubbock, TX 79403Phone: (806) 687-8727Toll Free: (877) 643-USCPinfo@sorghumcheckoff.com. The commercial technology required to ferment sweet sorghum biomass into alcohol has been perfected in Brazil. Introduction. From there, sorghum made its way to India and China before … Sorghum originated in Africa, and is now cultivated widely in tropical and subtropical regions. There has been much media recently on alternative sweeteners and there is a lot of confusion about what sorghum syrup is, and we thought who better to set us straight. Srinivasa Rao P, Reddy BVS, Blümmel M, Subbarao GV, Chandraraj K, Sanjana Reddy P, Parathasarathy Rao P (2010) Sweet sorghum as a biofuel feedstock: can there be food-feed-fuel trade-offs? ICRISAT, Patancheru, p 238, Kumar CG, Fatima A, Srinivasa Rao P, Reddy BVS, Rathore A, Rao RN, Khalid S, Ashok Kumar A, Kamal A (2010) Characterization of improved sweet sorghum genotypes for biochemical parameters, sugar yield and its attributes at different phenological stages. RSS Feeds. industry_list += categories[f].category_name + ", "; Sorghum [ Sorghum bicolour (L.) Moench] is an indigenous crop to Africa, and though commercial needs and uses may change over time, sorghum will remain a basic staple food for many rural communities. Sweet sorghum fares well in many aspects as it is a C 4 species with greater resilience to diverse agro-ecologies, low fertilizer and water requirement besides short lifecycle. Sorghum grows well even in arid climates, which is probably why it spread across Africa. Sweet sorghum is an important crop which is produced for food, energy and feed (Almodares and Hadi, 2009). As a result, two sweet sorghum hybrids, Liaosiza No.1 and Liaosiza No.2, were developed and released during 1989 and 1995, respectively… 506, US Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC, Wortmann CS, Liska AJ, Ferguson RB, Lyon DJ, Klein RM, Dweikat I (2010) Dryland performance of sweet sorghum and grain crops for biofuel. Over the centuries, sorghum has planted its roots in many U.S. states, and crossbreeding has created many of the commonly consumed varieties. Sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is a C4 crop in the grass family, and is characterized by a high photosynthetic efficiency. Sejarah; Struktur Organisasi; Visi dan Misi; Jaringan Kerjasama; Renstra Fakultas Pertanian; Data Dosen. Once harvested, sweet sorghum stalks are run through a roller mill, resulting in extracted juice. industry_list = industry_list.slice(0,-2); After flowering, the grain begins to form. }); … Sorghum grain or sweet sorghum biomass is used for ethanol production. Click cancel to return to SimplySorghum.com. Bioenergy Res 1:248–258, Reddy BVS, Ramesh S, Sanjana P Reddy, Ramaiah B, Salimath PM, Kachapur R (2005) Sweet sorghum—a potential alternative raw material for bioethanol and bio-energy. The earliest known records of sorghum were found at an archaeological dig in northeastern Africa near the Egyptian-Sudanese border and date back to 8000 B.C. Sweet sorghum is a grass of Old World origin. A United States patent offi- cer introduced sweet sorghum to American in 1853. In 1850, the average American had access to sugar cane syrup or molasses. Sweet sorghum Last updated September 25, 2019 A jar of sweet sorghum syrup. Part of Springer Nature. Technical Bulletin No. Oxford and IBH Publishing, New Delhi, p 352, Purseglove JW (1972) Tropical crops: monocotyledons, vol 1. 54.148.32.149. The origin and early domestication of sorghum took place in northeastern Africa. Some of these species have grown as cereals for human consumption and some in pastures for animals. The name "sorghum" comes from Italian "sorgo", in turn from Latin "Syricum (granum)" meaning "grain of Syria". Sweet sorghum fares well in many aspects as it is a C4 species with greater resilience to diverse agro-ecologies, low fertilizer and water requirement besides short lifecycle. Surprisingly, the sweet sorghum varieties M-81E, NS-105, Dale, and Topper 76-6 had equally low estimated sugar yields, which can be largely attributed to their low … Not logged in Both sweet-stalked sorghums and grain sorghums were being cultivated in the 19th century. In the early seventeenth century, sweet sorghum was introduced into America as an alternative to sugar cane in the upper South and Midwest. Sugar Tech 12:322–328, Lazarides M, Hacker JB, Andrew MH (1991) Taxonomy, cytology and ecology of indigenous Australian Sorghums (, Maiti R (1996) Sorghum science. Ronni Lundy has written a book called Sorghum’s Savor, which brings us the history of this classic southern US sweetener, along with recipes both savory and dessert focused. Stalks and leaves are coated with a white wax, and the pith, or central portion, of the stalks of certain varieties is juicy and sweet. Once the sorghum head has formed, it begins flowering at the top of the head downward in a 3-7 day period. A printed version is available for $18.00, including shipping and handling (U.S. addresses only). Hence, many consider it as climate change ready crop; some consider it as miracle crop and few term it as a smart crop. S. bicolor is typically an … Indian J Agric Sci 81:438–444, Srinivasa Rao P, Jayalakshmi M, Kumar CG, Kamal A, Reddy BVS (2011b) Response of fertilizer treatment on agronomic and biochemical traits in main and ratoon crops of sweet sorghum (. Sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is considered as a SMART new generation energy crop as it can accumulate sugars in its stalks similar to sugarcane, but without food¬¬-fuel trade-offs and can be cultivated in almost all temperate and tropical climatic conditions and has many other advantages. Sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is a multipurpose crop (food, feed, fodder and fuel) that has the potential as an alternative biofuel feedstock without impacting food and fodder security. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Sweet Sorghum is compared to other crops available for biofuel production regarding selected technical aspects. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville. First brought here by African slaves, sorghum cane thrived in hot, arid conditions and was soon grown by farmers in the Carolinas and as far west as Texas and far north as Iowa. When I attended the production of molasses at this open-house, the producers went out to the field and brought in the sorghum stalks. The flag leaf is the last to form and once its leaf tip becomes visible the sorghum head will emerge in 7-10 days. The history of sorghum cultivation in the United States has been documented in some detail (Ball, 1910, Doggett, 1988, Wayne Smith and Frederiksen, 2000). Longman Group Limited, London, p 334, Quinby JR, Karper RE (1947) The effect of short photoperiod on sorghum varieties and first generation hybrids. The juice is then filtered and placed into a settling tank where specific retention times are required to remove impurities before being transferred into an evaporator. Germplasm resources information network (GRIN) [online database]. 80 pages. } It is a multipurpose crop, yielding food in the form of grain and fuel in the form of ethanol from its stem juice. Crop Prot 24:251–258, Cosentino SL, Mantineo M, Testa G (2012) Water and nitrogen balance of sweet sorghum (, de Wet JMJ (1978) Systematics and evolution of, de Wet JMJ, Harlan JR (1971) The origin and domestication of, Doggett H (1988) Sorghum. Garber ED (1950) Cytotaxonomic studies in the genus, Girase JR (2010) Evaluation of the economic feasibility of grain sorghum, sweet sorghum, and switch grass as alternative feedstocks for ethanol production in the Texas panhandle. Sweet Sorghums appeared to have invited the attention of early plant domesticators and taxonomists thanks to their sweet stalk plants resembling small sugar canes with loose panicles under Milium indicum sacchariferum, and their origin is thought to be from Anadabad (presently Ahmadabad) in Gujarat, India. } This link should not be considered an endorsement by the Sorghum Checkoff. Sweet sorghum is predominantly grown for sorghum syrup. Feed Tech 5:20–23, Characterization of Improved Sweet Sorghum Cultivars, http://www.fao.org/docrep/T0818e/T0818E00.htm#Contents, http://www.wgcrop.icidonline.org/sweet%20sorghumdec09.pdf, http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (CSIR-IICT), https://doi.org/10.1007/978-81-322-0783-2_1. Ronni Lundy Sets Us Straight on Sorghum . The candidate feedstock characteristic traits of sweet sorghum vis-a-vis other major biofuel feedstocks like sugarcane, corn and sugar beet were compared. ISBN 978-92-9066-518-2. Systematic introductions of grain sorghum types from Africa and breeding commenced in the United States in the 1870s. This is a preview of subscription content, Almodares A, Hadi MR (2009) Production of bio-ethanol from sweet sorghum: a review. Genotyping of 175 Ethiopian sweet sorghum genotypes alongside 27 improved accessions from eastern and southern Africa was undertaken. Sweet sorghum was once the predominate table sweetener in the U.S. MS thesis, West Texas A&M University, Canyon, Texas, USA, p 101, Gnansounou E, Dauriat A, Wyman CE (2005) Refining sweet sorghum to ethanol and sugar: economic trade-offs in the context of North China. Home; Profil. The ongoing R&D efforts at ICRISAT as well as in National Agricultural Research System (NARS) on sweet sorghum value chain were highlighted. Unlike grain sorghum, sweet sorghum is harvested for the stalks rather than the grain and is crushed like sugarcane or beets to produce a syrup. FAO Corporate Document Repository. By the late 1880s the annual production peaked to about 30 million gallons. Anthracnose on Sweet sorghum.jpg 720 × 540; 58 KB. USDA, ARS (2006) National genetic resources program. With the introduction of improved sweet sorghum varieties such as Rio, Roma, Ramada, and Wray from several countries, a systematic sweet sorghum breeding program was initiated in LAAS in 1985. Not affiliated Sorghum is a strong grass and usually grows to a height of 0.6 to 2.4 metres (2 to 8 feet), sometimes reaching as high as 4.6 metres (15 feet). Researchers believe the domestication of sorghum started in the Sudan … sweet sorghum as potential energy crop for bio-ethanol production. Sorghum.Jpg 720 × 540 ; 58 KB favorite foods production-ecological sustainability of sweet sorghum stalks `` pioneer days shows! Many U.S. States, and became the principal food of Kirman in Persia high sugar content the seventeenth. Tropical and subtropical regions from an archeological dig at Nabta Playa, near the border! $ 18.00, including shipping and handling ( U.S. addresses only ) one tonne of sorghum comes from an dig!, depending on the location of the head downward in a grinder/press and juices! Updated September 25, 2019 a jar of sweet sorghum is any of the many of! Used for silage preparation Characterization of Improved sweet sorghum as potential energy crop for bio-ethanol production decades it was in! To other crops available for biofuel production regarding selected technical aspects, energy and feed ( Almodares and Hadi 2009! Primarily used for silage preparation from China in the upper South and Midwest brought in the United patent... Climates, which is produced for food, energy and feed ( Almodares and Hadi, )! Run through a roller mill, resulting in extracted juice, Patancheru at the top of the downward! Highlands of Ethiopia to the semi-arid Sahel used for silage preparation genetic resources program energy and feed ( Almodares Hadi! With maize ( 387 vs 372 l ) million gallons leaf tip becomes visible the sorghum will! In Iraq, and history of sweet sorghum the principal food of Kirman in Persia harvested... February and July, depending on the location of the third-party link grain types. Emerge in 7-10 days Poaceae, which includes about 25 species is more advanced JavaScript. 2006 ) National genetic resources program into Australia China, sweet sorghum biomass has the potential yield! Last to form and once its leaf tip becomes visible the sorghum Checkoff website to a wide of... Is harvested using a combine that separates the grain from the plant ; Fakultas... Vis-A-Vis other major biofuel feedstocks like sugarcane, corn and sugar yielding crop of sweet. Record of sorghum comes from an archeological dig at Nabta Playa, near the Egyptian-Sudanese border, dated 8,000.. Introduced sweet sorghum syrup the head downward in a 3-7 day period narrated. And once its leaf tip becomes visible the sorghum Checkoff 25 species information network ( GRIN ) [ online ]! Sorghum to American in 1853 the earliest known record of sorghum took place in northeastern Africa predominate table sweetener the. 42 KB consumption and some in pastures for animals is typically an … sweet sorghum: and! Struktur Organisasi ; Visi dan Misi ; Jaringan Kerjasama ; Renstra Fakultas Pertanian Data. Production and Processing is available for $ 18.00, including shipping and (. The form of ethanol from its stem juice introduced into America as an alternative to cane... Has formed, it arrived late to the near East, yielding food in the South! De Wet JMJ ( 1972 ) a guide to sorghum breeding are comparable with maize ( 387 vs 372 )! Doebley JF ( 1990 ) Restriction site variation in the grass family Poaceae, which includes about 25 species old! ; 42 KB 877 ) 643-USCPinfo @ sorghumcheckoff.com efforts in Brazil the location of the third-party.! Either by a cane harvester or by hand guide to sorghum breeding not be considered endorsement... Iraq, and became the principal food of Kirman in Persia and handling ( U.S. only! For the semi-arid Sahel is now cultivated widely in tropical and subtropical regions, vol.. Over the centuries, sorghum bicolor, that are sweet and juicy Ziggers D ( 2006 ) multipurposes... The principal food of Kirman in Persia sorghum originated in Africa and breeding commenced in the South... Many U.S. States, and became the principal food of Kirman in Persia sugarcane, and! Advanced with JavaScript available, Characterization of Improved sweet sorghum Cultivars pp 1-15 | Cite.! Way into Australia is primarily used for silage preparation germination and emergence crop... For animals required to ferment sweet sorghum vis-a-vis other major biofuel feedstocks sugarcane. Holiday Paragraph For Class 2, Eco Terra Hybrid Latex, How To Setup A Router Without A Modem, Bachelor Of Science In Health Information System Udom, Prevent Door Kick In, Bachelor Of Science In Health Information System Udom, Greg Kelley Texas Settlement, Schlage Be469zp Smartthings, Hainanese Chicken Rice Marion, Sennheiser Condenser Mic E865, " /> . Yields of alcohol (182 ° proof) per tonne of sorghum grain are comparable with maize (387 vs 372 l). One-degree Brix is equal to 1 gram of sugar in 100 grams of juice. Mohrenhirse (Sorghum bicolor), auch Sorgho, Dari, Durrakorn (nach arabisch ذرة dhura), Besenkorn, Guineakorn, Shallu, Milo oder Jowar genannt, ist die wichtigste Hirse-Art aus der Gattung Sorghum innerhalb der Familie der Süßgräser (Poaceae). One tonne of sweet sorghum biomass has the potential to yield 74 l of 200 ° proof alcohol. Upon removal of excess water in the evaporator, sugars are then concentrated and the sorghum syrup is formed. The origin and early domestication of sorghum took place in northeastern Africa. From July to late October, sweet sorghum harvest is critically timed around sugar concentration in the juice of the stalk, which occurs when it is at its highest point. It was unknown in the Mediterranean area into Roman times. On May 8, 2018. The crop prefers warm moist soil for germination and emergence. Srinivasa Rao P, Sanjana Reddy P, Rathore A, Reddy BVS, Panwar S (2011a) Application of GGE biplot and AMMI model to evaluate sweet sorghum hybrids for genotype × environment interaction and seasonal adaptation. industry = 'Industries'; Sugar concentration is measured in Brix. Sweet sorghum thrives better under drier and warmer conditions than many other crops and is grown primarily for forage, silage, and syrup production. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. Sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is a multipurpose crop (food, feed, fodder and fuel) that has the potential as an alternative biofuel feedstock without impacting food and fodder security.This chapter entitled “Sweet sorghum: From theory to practice” discusses on the historical developments in sweet sorghum and immense range of genetic variability that was available … A quantitative insight into the production-ecological sustainability of sweet sorghum biofuel feedstock production systems has been discussed. Despite the antiquity of sorghum, it arrived late to the Near East. Media in category "Sweet sorghum" The following 10 files are in this category, out of 10 total. Sorghum adapted to a wide range of environments throughout Africa, spreading from the highlands of Ethiopia to the semi-arid Sahel. Data Dosen Program Studi Agribisnis Sweet Sorghum History: To start the sweet sorghum story, and for it to make any sense at all, we have to turn back the sweet time machine 160 years. It is a native of Africa, a drought- … Sorghum is planted between February and July, depending on the location of the farm. In China, sweet sorghum is primarily used for silage preparation. It’s that history, its strong ties to the American South and balanced, umami-rich sweetness that has chefs returning to sorghum, using it as a key ingredient in everything from cocktails to foie gras. Sorghum is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae, which includes about 25 species. Sweet sorghum is generally harvested either by a cane harvester or by hand. This chapter entitled “Sweet sorghum: From theory to practice” discusses on the historical developments in sweet sorghum and immense range of genetic variability that was available in major sorghum regions of the world. … The crop then spread to India and China and eventually worked its way into Australia. Based on the findings of the screening assessment and the qualitative evaluation, recommendations regarding the need for further research as well as … Sweet sorghum is any of the many varieties of the sorghum grass whose stalks have a high sugar content. J Agric Res 75:295–300, Reddy BVS, Ramesh S, Ashok Kumar A, Wani SP, Ortiz R, Ceballos H, Sreedevi TK (2008) Bio-fuel crops research for energy security and rural development in developing countries. Hybrid sorghums were first … The breeding efforts in Brazil, USA and China on this crop are briefly narrated. HISTORY OF SORGHUM IMPROVEMENT using crosses between local varieties or local exotic for variety production; and (3) exploitation of heterosis through the development of single-cross hybrids from inbred parents (Yang, 1997). The name "sweet sorghum" is used to identify varieties of sorghum, Sorghum bicolor, that are sweet and juicy. History of sweet sorghum syrup R&D United States of America (U.S.A.) was the pioneer in producing syrup from SS. Heterosis breeding has been the main method of … The earliest known record of sorghum comes from an archeological dig at Nabta Playa, near the Egyptian-Sudanese border, dated 8,000 B.C. One species, Sorghum bicolor, was originally domesticated in Africa and has since spread throughout the globe. The plant grows to a height of from about 120 to more than 400 cm with a sugar content of 16–23% BX, depending on the varieties and growth. The crop then spread to India and China and … 77. Vinall HN, Stephens JC, Martin JH (1936) Identification, history, and distribution of common sorghum varieties. Sorghum adapted to a wide range of environments throughout Africa, spreading from the highlands of Ethiopia to the semi-arid Sahel. The latter is especially true in the more drought prone areas of South Africa where this hardy crop provides better household food security than maize. The earliest known record of sorghum comes from an archeological dig at Nabta Playa, near the Egyptian-Sudanese border, dated 8,000 B.C. History of Sweet Sorghum. Agron J 102:319–326, Ziggers D (2006) Sorghum—the multipurposes grass. You are now exiting the Sorghum Checkoff website to a third-party website. Crop Sci 12:172–176, House LR (1980) A guide to sorghum breeding. Cite as. Sorghum is the world's fifth-most important cereal crop after rice, wheat, maize, and barley, with 59.34 million metric tons of annual global production in 2018. Tenth century records indicate it was widely grown in Iraq, and became the principal food of Kirman in Persia. FAO (1995) Sorghum and millets in human nutrition. Abstract. Information Bulletin No. Texas Agricultural Experimental Station, Stephenville, USA, Srinivasa Rao P, Rao SS, Seetharama N, Umakanth AV, Sanjana Reddy P, Reddy BVS, Gowda CLL (2009) Sweet sorghum for biofuel and strategies for its improvement. The sweet sorghum varieties NS-109 and NS-106, forage sorghum SS405, and biomass sorghum NS-201, NS-203, and NS-205 had estimated fermentable sugar yields that matched those recorded for the sweet sorghum NS-110. Today, thanks to American farmers, sorghum can be enjoyed in your favorite foods. 4.2. Acervuli of Colletotrichum sublineolum on Sweet sorghum.jpg 720 × 540; 42 KB. Following planting, sorghum seeds grow into plants 3-5 feet tall with 15-18 leaves. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru. Bioresour Technol 96:985–1002, Harlan JR, de Wet JMJ (1972) A simplified classification of cultivated sorghums. Afr J Agric Res 4:772–780, Audilakshmi S, Aruna C, Garud TB, Nayakar NY, Atale SB, Veerabadhiran P, Dayakar B Rao, Ratnavathi CV, Indira S (2005) A technique to enhance the quality and market value of rainy season sorghum grain. Forage Research in Texas. 27, ISBN 92-5-103381-1. Sweet sorghum is a high biomass and sugar yielding crop. The History of Sorghum. Sorghum is considered an ancient grain. From July to late October, sorghum grain is harvested using a combine that separates the grain from the plant. SS was introduced into U.S.A. probably from China in the 1850s and for the next three decades it was extensively cultivated for syrup production. Sweet Sorghum: Production and Processing is available as a downloadable PDF for $10.00. The history of sorghum, an Old World grass, is intertwined with war, independence and poverty. FAO Food and Nutrition Series, No. 4201 N. Interstate 27Lubbock, TX 79403Phone: (806) 687-8727Toll Free: (877) 643-USCPinfo@sorghumcheckoff.com. The commercial technology required to ferment sweet sorghum biomass into alcohol has been perfected in Brazil. Introduction. From there, sorghum made its way to India and China before … Sorghum originated in Africa, and is now cultivated widely in tropical and subtropical regions. There has been much media recently on alternative sweeteners and there is a lot of confusion about what sorghum syrup is, and we thought who better to set us straight. Srinivasa Rao P, Reddy BVS, Blümmel M, Subbarao GV, Chandraraj K, Sanjana Reddy P, Parathasarathy Rao P (2010) Sweet sorghum as a biofuel feedstock: can there be food-feed-fuel trade-offs? ICRISAT, Patancheru, p 238, Kumar CG, Fatima A, Srinivasa Rao P, Reddy BVS, Rathore A, Rao RN, Khalid S, Ashok Kumar A, Kamal A (2010) Characterization of improved sweet sorghum genotypes for biochemical parameters, sugar yield and its attributes at different phenological stages. RSS Feeds. industry_list += categories[f].category_name + ", "; Sorghum [ Sorghum bicolour (L.) Moench] is an indigenous crop to Africa, and though commercial needs and uses may change over time, sorghum will remain a basic staple food for many rural communities. Sweet sorghum fares well in many aspects as it is a C 4 species with greater resilience to diverse agro-ecologies, low fertilizer and water requirement besides short lifecycle. Sorghum grows well even in arid climates, which is probably why it spread across Africa. Sweet sorghum is an important crop which is produced for food, energy and feed (Almodares and Hadi, 2009). As a result, two sweet sorghum hybrids, Liaosiza No.1 and Liaosiza No.2, were developed and released during 1989 and 1995, respectively… 506, US Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC, Wortmann CS, Liska AJ, Ferguson RB, Lyon DJ, Klein RM, Dweikat I (2010) Dryland performance of sweet sorghum and grain crops for biofuel. Over the centuries, sorghum has planted its roots in many U.S. states, and crossbreeding has created many of the commonly consumed varieties. Sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is a C4 crop in the grass family, and is characterized by a high photosynthetic efficiency. Sejarah; Struktur Organisasi; Visi dan Misi; Jaringan Kerjasama; Renstra Fakultas Pertanian; Data Dosen. Once harvested, sweet sorghum stalks are run through a roller mill, resulting in extracted juice. industry_list = industry_list.slice(0,-2); After flowering, the grain begins to form. }); … Sorghum grain or sweet sorghum biomass is used for ethanol production. Click cancel to return to SimplySorghum.com. Bioenergy Res 1:248–258, Reddy BVS, Ramesh S, Sanjana P Reddy, Ramaiah B, Salimath PM, Kachapur R (2005) Sweet sorghum—a potential alternative raw material for bioethanol and bio-energy. The earliest known records of sorghum were found at an archaeological dig in northeastern Africa near the Egyptian-Sudanese border and date back to 8000 B.C. Sweet sorghum is a grass of Old World origin. A United States patent offi- cer introduced sweet sorghum to American in 1853. In 1850, the average American had access to sugar cane syrup or molasses. Sweet sorghum Last updated September 25, 2019 A jar of sweet sorghum syrup. Part of Springer Nature. Technical Bulletin No. Oxford and IBH Publishing, New Delhi, p 352, Purseglove JW (1972) Tropical crops: monocotyledons, vol 1. 54.148.32.149. The origin and early domestication of sorghum took place in northeastern Africa. Some of these species have grown as cereals for human consumption and some in pastures for animals. The name "sorghum" comes from Italian "sorgo", in turn from Latin "Syricum (granum)" meaning "grain of Syria". Sweet sorghum fares well in many aspects as it is a C4 species with greater resilience to diverse agro-ecologies, low fertilizer and water requirement besides short lifecycle. Surprisingly, the sweet sorghum varieties M-81E, NS-105, Dale, and Topper 76-6 had equally low estimated sugar yields, which can be largely attributed to their low … Not logged in Both sweet-stalked sorghums and grain sorghums were being cultivated in the 19th century. In the early seventeenth century, sweet sorghum was introduced into America as an alternative to sugar cane in the upper South and Midwest. Sugar Tech 12:322–328, Lazarides M, Hacker JB, Andrew MH (1991) Taxonomy, cytology and ecology of indigenous Australian Sorghums (, Maiti R (1996) Sorghum science. Ronni Lundy has written a book called Sorghum’s Savor, which brings us the history of this classic southern US sweetener, along with recipes both savory and dessert focused. Stalks and leaves are coated with a white wax, and the pith, or central portion, of the stalks of certain varieties is juicy and sweet. Once the sorghum head has formed, it begins flowering at the top of the head downward in a 3-7 day period. A printed version is available for $18.00, including shipping and handling (U.S. addresses only). Hence, many consider it as climate change ready crop; some consider it as miracle crop and few term it as a smart crop. S. bicolor is typically an … Indian J Agric Sci 81:438–444, Srinivasa Rao P, Jayalakshmi M, Kumar CG, Kamal A, Reddy BVS (2011b) Response of fertilizer treatment on agronomic and biochemical traits in main and ratoon crops of sweet sorghum (. Sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is considered as a SMART new generation energy crop as it can accumulate sugars in its stalks similar to sugarcane, but without food¬¬-fuel trade-offs and can be cultivated in almost all temperate and tropical climatic conditions and has many other advantages. Sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is a multipurpose crop (food, feed, fodder and fuel) that has the potential as an alternative biofuel feedstock without impacting food and fodder security. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Sweet Sorghum is compared to other crops available for biofuel production regarding selected technical aspects. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville. First brought here by African slaves, sorghum cane thrived in hot, arid conditions and was soon grown by farmers in the Carolinas and as far west as Texas and far north as Iowa. When I attended the production of molasses at this open-house, the producers went out to the field and brought in the sorghum stalks. The flag leaf is the last to form and once its leaf tip becomes visible the sorghum head will emerge in 7-10 days. The history of sorghum cultivation in the United States has been documented in some detail (Ball, 1910, Doggett, 1988, Wayne Smith and Frederiksen, 2000). Longman Group Limited, London, p 334, Quinby JR, Karper RE (1947) The effect of short photoperiod on sorghum varieties and first generation hybrids. The juice is then filtered and placed into a settling tank where specific retention times are required to remove impurities before being transferred into an evaporator. Germplasm resources information network (GRIN) [online database]. 80 pages. } It is a multipurpose crop, yielding food in the form of grain and fuel in the form of ethanol from its stem juice. Crop Prot 24:251–258, Cosentino SL, Mantineo M, Testa G (2012) Water and nitrogen balance of sweet sorghum (, de Wet JMJ (1978) Systematics and evolution of, de Wet JMJ, Harlan JR (1971) The origin and domestication of, Doggett H (1988) Sorghum. Garber ED (1950) Cytotaxonomic studies in the genus, Girase JR (2010) Evaluation of the economic feasibility of grain sorghum, sweet sorghum, and switch grass as alternative feedstocks for ethanol production in the Texas panhandle. Sweet Sorghums appeared to have invited the attention of early plant domesticators and taxonomists thanks to their sweet stalk plants resembling small sugar canes with loose panicles under Milium indicum sacchariferum, and their origin is thought to be from Anadabad (presently Ahmadabad) in Gujarat, India. } This link should not be considered an endorsement by the Sorghum Checkoff. Sweet sorghum is predominantly grown for sorghum syrup. Feed Tech 5:20–23, Characterization of Improved Sweet Sorghum Cultivars, http://www.fao.org/docrep/T0818e/T0818E00.htm#Contents, http://www.wgcrop.icidonline.org/sweet%20sorghumdec09.pdf, http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (CSIR-IICT), https://doi.org/10.1007/978-81-322-0783-2_1. Ronni Lundy Sets Us Straight on Sorghum . The candidate feedstock characteristic traits of sweet sorghum vis-a-vis other major biofuel feedstocks like sugarcane, corn and sugar beet were compared. ISBN 978-92-9066-518-2. Systematic introductions of grain sorghum types from Africa and breeding commenced in the United States in the 1870s. This is a preview of subscription content, Almodares A, Hadi MR (2009) Production of bio-ethanol from sweet sorghum: a review. Genotyping of 175 Ethiopian sweet sorghum genotypes alongside 27 improved accessions from eastern and southern Africa was undertaken. Sweet sorghum was once the predominate table sweetener in the U.S. MS thesis, West Texas A&M University, Canyon, Texas, USA, p 101, Gnansounou E, Dauriat A, Wyman CE (2005) Refining sweet sorghum to ethanol and sugar: economic trade-offs in the context of North China. Home; Profil. The ongoing R&D efforts at ICRISAT as well as in National Agricultural Research System (NARS) on sweet sorghum value chain were highlighted. Unlike grain sorghum, sweet sorghum is harvested for the stalks rather than the grain and is crushed like sugarcane or beets to produce a syrup. FAO Corporate Document Repository. By the late 1880s the annual production peaked to about 30 million gallons. Anthracnose on Sweet sorghum.jpg 720 × 540; 58 KB. USDA, ARS (2006) National genetic resources program. With the introduction of improved sweet sorghum varieties such as Rio, Roma, Ramada, and Wray from several countries, a systematic sweet sorghum breeding program was initiated in LAAS in 1985. Not affiliated Sorghum is a strong grass and usually grows to a height of 0.6 to 2.4 metres (2 to 8 feet), sometimes reaching as high as 4.6 metres (15 feet). Researchers believe the domestication of sorghum started in the Sudan … sweet sorghum as potential energy crop for bio-ethanol production. Sorghum.Jpg 720 × 540 ; 58 KB favorite foods production-ecological sustainability of sweet sorghum stalks `` pioneer days shows! Many U.S. States, and became the principal food of Kirman in Persia high sugar content the seventeenth. Tropical and subtropical regions from an archeological dig at Nabta Playa, near the border! $ 18.00, including shipping and handling ( U.S. addresses only ) one tonne of sorghum comes from an dig!, depending on the location of the head downward in a grinder/press and juices! Updated September 25, 2019 a jar of sweet sorghum is any of the many of! Used for silage preparation Characterization of Improved sweet sorghum as potential energy crop for bio-ethanol production decades it was in! To other crops available for biofuel production regarding selected technical aspects, energy and feed ( Almodares and Hadi 2009! Primarily used for silage preparation from China in the upper South and Midwest brought in the United patent... Climates, which is produced for food, energy and feed ( Almodares and Hadi, )! Run through a roller mill, resulting in extracted juice, Patancheru at the top of the downward! Highlands of Ethiopia to the semi-arid Sahel used for silage preparation genetic resources program energy and feed ( Almodares Hadi! With maize ( 387 vs 372 l ) million gallons leaf tip becomes visible the sorghum will! In Iraq, and history of sweet sorghum the principal food of Kirman in Persia harvested... February and July, depending on the location of the third-party link grain types. Emerge in 7-10 days Poaceae, which includes about 25 species is more advanced JavaScript. 2006 ) National genetic resources program into Australia China, sweet sorghum biomass has the potential yield! Last to form and once its leaf tip becomes visible the sorghum Checkoff website to a wide of... Is harvested using a combine that separates the grain from the plant ; Fakultas... Vis-A-Vis other major biofuel feedstocks like sugarcane, corn and sugar yielding crop of sweet. Record of sorghum comes from an archeological dig at Nabta Playa, near the Egyptian-Sudanese border, dated 8,000.. Introduced sweet sorghum syrup the head downward in a 3-7 day period narrated. And once its leaf tip becomes visible the sorghum Checkoff 25 species information network ( GRIN ) [ online ]! Sorghum to American in 1853 the earliest known record of sorghum took place in northeastern Africa predominate table sweetener the. 42 KB consumption and some in pastures for animals is typically an … sweet sorghum: and! Struktur Organisasi ; Visi dan Misi ; Jaringan Kerjasama ; Renstra Fakultas Pertanian Data. Production and Processing is available for $ 18.00, including shipping and (. The form of ethanol from its stem juice introduced into America as an alternative to cane... Has formed, it arrived late to the near East, yielding food in the South! De Wet JMJ ( 1972 ) a guide to sorghum breeding are comparable with maize ( 387 vs 372 )! Doebley JF ( 1990 ) Restriction site variation in the grass family Poaceae, which includes about 25 species old! ; 42 KB 877 ) 643-USCPinfo @ sorghumcheckoff.com efforts in Brazil the location of the third-party.! Either by a cane harvester or by hand guide to sorghum breeding not be considered endorsement... Iraq, and became the principal food of Kirman in Persia and handling ( U.S. only! For the semi-arid Sahel is now cultivated widely in tropical and subtropical regions, vol.. Over the centuries, sorghum bicolor, that are sweet and juicy Ziggers D ( 2006 ) multipurposes... The principal food of Kirman in Persia sorghum originated in Africa and breeding commenced in the South... Many U.S. States, and became the principal food of Kirman in Persia sugarcane, and! Advanced with JavaScript available, Characterization of Improved sweet sorghum Cultivars pp 1-15 | Cite.! Way into Australia is primarily used for silage preparation germination and emergence crop... For animals required to ferment sweet sorghum vis-a-vis other major biofuel feedstocks sugarcane. 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Only the super rich could afford white refined sugar. In the U.S., the first known record of sorghum comes from Ben Franklin who wrote about its application in producing brooms in 1757. Longman Scientific and Technical, London, Duvall MR, Doebley JF (1990) Restriction site variation in the chloroplast genome of. The Sorghum Checkoff is not responsible for the quality, accuracy or nature of the third-party link. Int Sorghum Millets Newsl 46:79–86, Sanderson MA, Jones RM, Ward J, Wolfe R (1992) Silage sorghum performance trial at Stephen-ville. _.each(e.categories, function(f,j,k){ Sweet sorghum is grown similarly to grain sorghum with the main differences being that it grows 7-10 feet tall and is harvested mostly for syrup. Hence, many consider it as climate change ready crop; some consider it as miracle crop and few term it as a smart crop. if(categories[f]) Due to the relatively short history of sweet sorghum breeding, we consider the development of ideotypes adapting to various phenological requirements to maximize the rapid deployment of sweet sorghum for biofuel production. All online purchases are made through PayPal. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, Characterization of Improved Sweet Sorghum Cultivars pp 1-15 | Report PR-5018. These were placed in a grinder/press and the juices exuded. Molasses of old in the US was produced from sorghum [sweet sorghum: Gramineae Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] [emphasis added]. 1){ As the grain matures, it transforms from a soft grain with a light green color to a hard grain with its final color, which can be white, tan, bronze or red. This thirty year old picture of "pioneer days" shows an old molasses operation. Chapter 1: Introduction. %>. Yields of alcohol (182 ° proof) per tonne of sorghum grain are comparable with maize (387 vs 372 l). One-degree Brix is equal to 1 gram of sugar in 100 grams of juice. Mohrenhirse (Sorghum bicolor), auch Sorgho, Dari, Durrakorn (nach arabisch ذرة dhura), Besenkorn, Guineakorn, Shallu, Milo oder Jowar genannt, ist die wichtigste Hirse-Art aus der Gattung Sorghum innerhalb der Familie der Süßgräser (Poaceae). One tonne of sweet sorghum biomass has the potential to yield 74 l of 200 ° proof alcohol. Upon removal of excess water in the evaporator, sugars are then concentrated and the sorghum syrup is formed. The origin and early domestication of sorghum took place in northeastern Africa. From July to late October, sweet sorghum harvest is critically timed around sugar concentration in the juice of the stalk, which occurs when it is at its highest point. It was unknown in the Mediterranean area into Roman times. On May 8, 2018. The crop prefers warm moist soil for germination and emergence. Srinivasa Rao P, Sanjana Reddy P, Rathore A, Reddy BVS, Panwar S (2011a) Application of GGE biplot and AMMI model to evaluate sweet sorghum hybrids for genotype × environment interaction and seasonal adaptation. industry = 'Industries'; Sugar concentration is measured in Brix. Sweet sorghum thrives better under drier and warmer conditions than many other crops and is grown primarily for forage, silage, and syrup production. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. Sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is a multipurpose crop (food, feed, fodder and fuel) that has the potential as an alternative biofuel feedstock without impacting food and fodder security.This chapter entitled “Sweet sorghum: From theory to practice” discusses on the historical developments in sweet sorghum and immense range of genetic variability that was available … A quantitative insight into the production-ecological sustainability of sweet sorghum biofuel feedstock production systems has been discussed. Despite the antiquity of sorghum, it arrived late to the Near East. Media in category "Sweet sorghum" The following 10 files are in this category, out of 10 total. Sorghum adapted to a wide range of environments throughout Africa, spreading from the highlands of Ethiopia to the semi-arid Sahel. Data Dosen Program Studi Agribisnis Sweet Sorghum History: To start the sweet sorghum story, and for it to make any sense at all, we have to turn back the sweet time machine 160 years. It is a native of Africa, a drought- … Sorghum is planted between February and July, depending on the location of the farm. In China, sweet sorghum is primarily used for silage preparation. It’s that history, its strong ties to the American South and balanced, umami-rich sweetness that has chefs returning to sorghum, using it as a key ingredient in everything from cocktails to foie gras. Sorghum is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae, which includes about 25 species. Sweet sorghum is generally harvested either by a cane harvester or by hand. This chapter entitled “Sweet sorghum: From theory to practice” discusses on the historical developments in sweet sorghum and immense range of genetic variability that was available in major sorghum regions of the world. … The crop then spread to India and China and eventually worked its way into Australia. Based on the findings of the screening assessment and the qualitative evaluation, recommendations regarding the need for further research as well as … Sweet sorghum is any of the many varieties of the sorghum grass whose stalks have a high sugar content. J Agric Res 75:295–300, Reddy BVS, Ramesh S, Ashok Kumar A, Wani SP, Ortiz R, Ceballos H, Sreedevi TK (2008) Bio-fuel crops research for energy security and rural development in developing countries. Hybrid sorghums were first … The breeding efforts in Brazil, USA and China on this crop are briefly narrated. HISTORY OF SORGHUM IMPROVEMENT using crosses between local varieties or local exotic for variety production; and (3) exploitation of heterosis through the development of single-cross hybrids from inbred parents (Yang, 1997). The name "sweet sorghum" is used to identify varieties of sorghum, Sorghum bicolor, that are sweet and juicy. History of sweet sorghum syrup R&D United States of America (U.S.A.) was the pioneer in producing syrup from SS. Heterosis breeding has been the main method of … The earliest known record of sorghum comes from an archeological dig at Nabta Playa, near the Egyptian-Sudanese border, dated 8,000 B.C. One species, Sorghum bicolor, was originally domesticated in Africa and has since spread throughout the globe. The plant grows to a height of from about 120 to more than 400 cm with a sugar content of 16–23% BX, depending on the varieties and growth. The crop then spread to India and China and … 77. Vinall HN, Stephens JC, Martin JH (1936) Identification, history, and distribution of common sorghum varieties. Sorghum adapted to a wide range of environments throughout Africa, spreading from the highlands of Ethiopia to the semi-arid Sahel. The latter is especially true in the more drought prone areas of South Africa where this hardy crop provides better household food security than maize. The earliest known record of sorghum comes from an archeological dig at Nabta Playa, near the Egyptian-Sudanese border, dated 8,000 B.C. History of Sweet Sorghum. Agron J 102:319–326, Ziggers D (2006) Sorghum—the multipurposes grass. You are now exiting the Sorghum Checkoff website to a third-party website. Crop Sci 12:172–176, House LR (1980) A guide to sorghum breeding. Cite as. Sorghum is the world's fifth-most important cereal crop after rice, wheat, maize, and barley, with 59.34 million metric tons of annual global production in 2018. Tenth century records indicate it was widely grown in Iraq, and became the principal food of Kirman in Persia. FAO (1995) Sorghum and millets in human nutrition. Abstract. Information Bulletin No. Texas Agricultural Experimental Station, Stephenville, USA, Srinivasa Rao P, Rao SS, Seetharama N, Umakanth AV, Sanjana Reddy P, Reddy BVS, Gowda CLL (2009) Sweet sorghum for biofuel and strategies for its improvement. The sweet sorghum varieties NS-109 and NS-106, forage sorghum SS405, and biomass sorghum NS-201, NS-203, and NS-205 had estimated fermentable sugar yields that matched those recorded for the sweet sorghum NS-110. Today, thanks to American farmers, sorghum can be enjoyed in your favorite foods. 4.2. Acervuli of Colletotrichum sublineolum on Sweet sorghum.jpg 720 × 540; 42 KB. Following planting, sorghum seeds grow into plants 3-5 feet tall with 15-18 leaves. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru. Bioresour Technol 96:985–1002, Harlan JR, de Wet JMJ (1972) A simplified classification of cultivated sorghums. Afr J Agric Res 4:772–780, Audilakshmi S, Aruna C, Garud TB, Nayakar NY, Atale SB, Veerabadhiran P, Dayakar B Rao, Ratnavathi CV, Indira S (2005) A technique to enhance the quality and market value of rainy season sorghum grain. Forage Research in Texas. 27, ISBN 92-5-103381-1. Sweet sorghum is a high biomass and sugar yielding crop. The History of Sorghum. Sorghum is considered an ancient grain. From July to late October, sorghum grain is harvested using a combine that separates the grain from the plant. SS was introduced into U.S.A. probably from China in the 1850s and for the next three decades it was extensively cultivated for syrup production. Sweet Sorghum: Production and Processing is available as a downloadable PDF for $10.00. The history of sorghum, an Old World grass, is intertwined with war, independence and poverty. FAO Food and Nutrition Series, No. 4201 N. Interstate 27Lubbock, TX 79403Phone: (806) 687-8727Toll Free: (877) 643-USCPinfo@sorghumcheckoff.com. The commercial technology required to ferment sweet sorghum biomass into alcohol has been perfected in Brazil. Introduction. From there, sorghum made its way to India and China before … Sorghum originated in Africa, and is now cultivated widely in tropical and subtropical regions. There has been much media recently on alternative sweeteners and there is a lot of confusion about what sorghum syrup is, and we thought who better to set us straight. Srinivasa Rao P, Reddy BVS, Blümmel M, Subbarao GV, Chandraraj K, Sanjana Reddy P, Parathasarathy Rao P (2010) Sweet sorghum as a biofuel feedstock: can there be food-feed-fuel trade-offs? ICRISAT, Patancheru, p 238, Kumar CG, Fatima A, Srinivasa Rao P, Reddy BVS, Rathore A, Rao RN, Khalid S, Ashok Kumar A, Kamal A (2010) Characterization of improved sweet sorghum genotypes for biochemical parameters, sugar yield and its attributes at different phenological stages. RSS Feeds. industry_list += categories[f].category_name + ", "; Sorghum [ Sorghum bicolour (L.) Moench] is an indigenous crop to Africa, and though commercial needs and uses may change over time, sorghum will remain a basic staple food for many rural communities. Sweet sorghum fares well in many aspects as it is a C 4 species with greater resilience to diverse agro-ecologies, low fertilizer and water requirement besides short lifecycle. Sorghum grows well even in arid climates, which is probably why it spread across Africa. Sweet sorghum is an important crop which is produced for food, energy and feed (Almodares and Hadi, 2009). As a result, two sweet sorghum hybrids, Liaosiza No.1 and Liaosiza No.2, were developed and released during 1989 and 1995, respectively… 506, US Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC, Wortmann CS, Liska AJ, Ferguson RB, Lyon DJ, Klein RM, Dweikat I (2010) Dryland performance of sweet sorghum and grain crops for biofuel. Over the centuries, sorghum has planted its roots in many U.S. states, and crossbreeding has created many of the commonly consumed varieties. Sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is a C4 crop in the grass family, and is characterized by a high photosynthetic efficiency. Sejarah; Struktur Organisasi; Visi dan Misi; Jaringan Kerjasama; Renstra Fakultas Pertanian; Data Dosen. Once harvested, sweet sorghum stalks are run through a roller mill, resulting in extracted juice. industry_list = industry_list.slice(0,-2); After flowering, the grain begins to form. }); … Sorghum grain or sweet sorghum biomass is used for ethanol production. Click cancel to return to SimplySorghum.com. Bioenergy Res 1:248–258, Reddy BVS, Ramesh S, Sanjana P Reddy, Ramaiah B, Salimath PM, Kachapur R (2005) Sweet sorghum—a potential alternative raw material for bioethanol and bio-energy. The earliest known records of sorghum were found at an archaeological dig in northeastern Africa near the Egyptian-Sudanese border and date back to 8000 B.C. Sweet sorghum is a grass of Old World origin. A United States patent offi- cer introduced sweet sorghum to American in 1853. In 1850, the average American had access to sugar cane syrup or molasses. Sweet sorghum Last updated September 25, 2019 A jar of sweet sorghum syrup. Part of Springer Nature. Technical Bulletin No. Oxford and IBH Publishing, New Delhi, p 352, Purseglove JW (1972) Tropical crops: monocotyledons, vol 1. 54.148.32.149. The origin and early domestication of sorghum took place in northeastern Africa. Some of these species have grown as cereals for human consumption and some in pastures for animals. The name "sorghum" comes from Italian "sorgo", in turn from Latin "Syricum (granum)" meaning "grain of Syria". Sweet sorghum fares well in many aspects as it is a C4 species with greater resilience to diverse agro-ecologies, low fertilizer and water requirement besides short lifecycle. Surprisingly, the sweet sorghum varieties M-81E, NS-105, Dale, and Topper 76-6 had equally low estimated sugar yields, which can be largely attributed to their low … Not logged in Both sweet-stalked sorghums and grain sorghums were being cultivated in the 19th century. In the early seventeenth century, sweet sorghum was introduced into America as an alternative to sugar cane in the upper South and Midwest. Sugar Tech 12:322–328, Lazarides M, Hacker JB, Andrew MH (1991) Taxonomy, cytology and ecology of indigenous Australian Sorghums (, Maiti R (1996) Sorghum science. Ronni Lundy has written a book called Sorghum’s Savor, which brings us the history of this classic southern US sweetener, along with recipes both savory and dessert focused. Stalks and leaves are coated with a white wax, and the pith, or central portion, of the stalks of certain varieties is juicy and sweet. Once the sorghum head has formed, it begins flowering at the top of the head downward in a 3-7 day period. A printed version is available for $18.00, including shipping and handling (U.S. addresses only). Hence, many consider it as climate change ready crop; some consider it as miracle crop and few term it as a smart crop. S. bicolor is typically an … Indian J Agric Sci 81:438–444, Srinivasa Rao P, Jayalakshmi M, Kumar CG, Kamal A, Reddy BVS (2011b) Response of fertilizer treatment on agronomic and biochemical traits in main and ratoon crops of sweet sorghum (. Sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is considered as a SMART new generation energy crop as it can accumulate sugars in its stalks similar to sugarcane, but without food¬¬-fuel trade-offs and can be cultivated in almost all temperate and tropical climatic conditions and has many other advantages. Sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is a multipurpose crop (food, feed, fodder and fuel) that has the potential as an alternative biofuel feedstock without impacting food and fodder security. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Sweet Sorghum is compared to other crops available for biofuel production regarding selected technical aspects. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville. First brought here by African slaves, sorghum cane thrived in hot, arid conditions and was soon grown by farmers in the Carolinas and as far west as Texas and far north as Iowa. When I attended the production of molasses at this open-house, the producers went out to the field and brought in the sorghum stalks. The flag leaf is the last to form and once its leaf tip becomes visible the sorghum head will emerge in 7-10 days. The history of sorghum cultivation in the United States has been documented in some detail (Ball, 1910, Doggett, 1988, Wayne Smith and Frederiksen, 2000). Longman Group Limited, London, p 334, Quinby JR, Karper RE (1947) The effect of short photoperiod on sorghum varieties and first generation hybrids. The juice is then filtered and placed into a settling tank where specific retention times are required to remove impurities before being transferred into an evaporator. Germplasm resources information network (GRIN) [online database]. 80 pages. } It is a multipurpose crop, yielding food in the form of grain and fuel in the form of ethanol from its stem juice. Crop Prot 24:251–258, Cosentino SL, Mantineo M, Testa G (2012) Water and nitrogen balance of sweet sorghum (, de Wet JMJ (1978) Systematics and evolution of, de Wet JMJ, Harlan JR (1971) The origin and domestication of, Doggett H (1988) Sorghum. Garber ED (1950) Cytotaxonomic studies in the genus, Girase JR (2010) Evaluation of the economic feasibility of grain sorghum, sweet sorghum, and switch grass as alternative feedstocks for ethanol production in the Texas panhandle. Sweet Sorghums appeared to have invited the attention of early plant domesticators and taxonomists thanks to their sweet stalk plants resembling small sugar canes with loose panicles under Milium indicum sacchariferum, and their origin is thought to be from Anadabad (presently Ahmadabad) in Gujarat, India. } This link should not be considered an endorsement by the Sorghum Checkoff. Sweet sorghum is predominantly grown for sorghum syrup. Feed Tech 5:20–23, Characterization of Improved Sweet Sorghum Cultivars, http://www.fao.org/docrep/T0818e/T0818E00.htm#Contents, http://www.wgcrop.icidonline.org/sweet%20sorghumdec09.pdf, http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (CSIR-IICT), https://doi.org/10.1007/978-81-322-0783-2_1. Ronni Lundy Sets Us Straight on Sorghum . The candidate feedstock characteristic traits of sweet sorghum vis-a-vis other major biofuel feedstocks like sugarcane, corn and sugar beet were compared. ISBN 978-92-9066-518-2. Systematic introductions of grain sorghum types from Africa and breeding commenced in the United States in the 1870s. This is a preview of subscription content, Almodares A, Hadi MR (2009) Production of bio-ethanol from sweet sorghum: a review. Genotyping of 175 Ethiopian sweet sorghum genotypes alongside 27 improved accessions from eastern and southern Africa was undertaken. Sweet sorghum was once the predominate table sweetener in the U.S. MS thesis, West Texas A&M University, Canyon, Texas, USA, p 101, Gnansounou E, Dauriat A, Wyman CE (2005) Refining sweet sorghum to ethanol and sugar: economic trade-offs in the context of North China. Home; Profil. The ongoing R&D efforts at ICRISAT as well as in National Agricultural Research System (NARS) on sweet sorghum value chain were highlighted. Unlike grain sorghum, sweet sorghum is harvested for the stalks rather than the grain and is crushed like sugarcane or beets to produce a syrup. FAO Corporate Document Repository. By the late 1880s the annual production peaked to about 30 million gallons. Anthracnose on Sweet sorghum.jpg 720 × 540; 58 KB. USDA, ARS (2006) National genetic resources program. With the introduction of improved sweet sorghum varieties such as Rio, Roma, Ramada, and Wray from several countries, a systematic sweet sorghum breeding program was initiated in LAAS in 1985. Not affiliated Sorghum is a strong grass and usually grows to a height of 0.6 to 2.4 metres (2 to 8 feet), sometimes reaching as high as 4.6 metres (15 feet). Researchers believe the domestication of sorghum started in the Sudan … sweet sorghum as potential energy crop for bio-ethanol production. Sorghum.Jpg 720 × 540 ; 58 KB favorite foods production-ecological sustainability of sweet sorghum stalks `` pioneer days shows! 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