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Oats are my favorite – – beautiful silver-green in the spring, and beautiful tawny color in the fall. Tobacco has been cultivated in Belgium since 1650. However, in the 1990s the Flemish tobacco industry declined rapidly. You make a valid point Henry and one that I am going to steal to add into the text! Learn how your comment data is processed. There are six types of wheat: hard red winter, hard red spring, soft red winter, hard white, soft white, and durum. Hulled, Semi-Pearled, and Pearled I prefer to see the frilly above-ground asparagus waving in the breeze! Their high nutritional value makes them popular for breakfast cereals, muesli and cereal bars. In the mulled form or as a flour, wheat is used for making biscuits, breads, cookies, pasta, noodles, Chappati and other breakfast cereals, whereas barley is used as one of the basic ingredients used for formation of beer and other alcoholic beverages and is also used as livestock fodder largely. But I know for a certain that our little Belgian vineyards will seem like mini-pockets compared to the Californian vineyards! A Guide to Children's Outdoor Activities in Belgium, Follow Discovering Belgium on WordPress.com. Wheat has a shorter “beard” (the bristly material protecting the kernels) than barley. Choosing between a rye whiskey and bourbon can be quite the challenge. used to produce different whiskey types, whiskies often have a wide range of strengths and flavors, that all depend on their base products or grain types. Some of the grains look blueish like the rye. It can be identified by its longer “beard” than wheat and when ready to harvest is yellow-white in colour. If you have enjoyed this post and learned something, you can always Buy Me A Coffee as an appreciation. If it proves helpful to folk, I may add extra photos on crops in various stages of growth. The leaf collar on a barley plant will have two overlapping appendages that clasp the stem, called auricles (Ball et al., 1996) There are two different groups of … Maize, also called corn or sweet corn, is primarily grown in Belgium as a forage crop. Well spotted. I was focusing purely on identification, but there is a great educational message here too, also for children. Very brown, dry, seed pods. Sugar cane perhaps? Or rye from oats? After the challenge of working out the differences between barley and rye, oats is a doddle to identify. (One seed per peduncle.) With so many types it can become confusing. It seems that the first farmers began planting a few fields earlier this decade as an experiment to see if soybeans would grow successfully and profitably. Unfortunately in its original setting it was incorrectly captioned. . Yes I was hooked on that asparagus video; fascinating! Yes the canola fields can light up even the gloomiest, cloudiest day! It is used for grazing, hay, silage, a green manure and a cover crop. Thank you! Belgium produces nearly half a million tonnes of maize per year. Thanks! Here clover is an annoying weed that takes over our lawn. Wheat and barley were first domesticated in the Middle East approximately 10,000 years ago and have since been a vital part of human and livestock diets (1, … Or know what a field of sugar beet or soybeans looks like? In theory, whisky with a 60 percent corn, 30 percent malted barley, and 10 percent rye mash bill will still be called rye. I’m fascinated by the factory where each stem is sorted and packaged by some many different machines and so many people. Cereal rye has slow fall growth, but it can be a superb spring forage. I just happened to have a field of barley, oats and wheat. It drives the bread and pastry industries and is used for a huge variety of foods. They are often aged in charred barrels. These quick-growing crops are however grown less in Belgium than previously. At the same time, Belgian fresh potatoes and seed potatoes are exported to the rest of Europe. This is nicely illustrated below: After the challenge of working out the differences between barley and rye, oats is a doddle to identify. Like bourbon's maverick younger brother. Brilliant, this is so useful . Denzil, I have to admit that when I read the title of this post, I made a bit of a groan. Talking about grains, this brings rye whiskey onto the scene. These are grasses grown for their edible seeds. Thanks. From a production standpoint, both bourbon and rye … The higher the rye content, the spicier the whiskey. That’s four times more than one hectare of forest. It is high quality barley that is steeped in water and then spread out on a malting floor to germinate. Rye tends to be longer and more slender than barley or wheat, and is characterized by a longer beard. For some reason I always thought that a mangelwurzel was a scarecrow. Moreover, as Henry points out in his comment below, “being able to understand the farm-to-table chain of events is vital for both a healthy planet and a nutritious diet.” In this respect, this post would be useful for children too. Maybe I should add a section on ingredients for beverages. The main difference I’d say is sweetness; as previously stated, bourbon is sweeter and more round, where rye, to me, is a grain that’s a bit spicier or more peppery and is more linear. Some of the most common types of grains used for producing this drink include malt, rye, wheat, and barley. Red and white clover are primarily used for hay, pasture, silage, and soil improvement. Barley seeds are solitary. If so, here’s a small guide to help you identify farm crops on a country walk. And grapes too. Glad to hear that my little guide was a help, Barb. It covers 14 crops, grouped into a number of different categories. When viewed from above these twists are either clockwise or anti-clockwise. Known as “white gold” in Belgium because it’s expensive and coveted, fresh white asparagus is cultivated underground so it doesn’t turn green. Feel free to Buy Me A Coffee to help with the costs of running this blog. It’s an easily digestible, energy-rich food for cattle during the winter. between November and July. Taste classic rye flavors in Old Overholt, Pikesville and Wild Turkey. Great! Quiz on Belgium: How well do you know Belgium? When ready for harvesting, it has a golden-brown colour. Very interesting! A field of flax also looks attractive after harvest time, when the cut flax is laid out on the fields in neat rows. Thanks to its high concentration of sucrose, it’s converted into a range of sugar products. In fact, moonshine is made from a mash of corn and bourbon must be made using at least 51% corn according to federal law. 235 was growing with the rye in the third picture, but like you said it doesn't look the same. I had no idea white asparagus is so labor intensive. What is the Difference Between Unbleached and Bleached Flour? This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Just know that you cannot have this tiny ad: 100th Issue of Permaculture Magazine - now FREE for a while, current server time (not your local time) is. But did you know that there are some key differences between … That’s a good one to add as they are grown in Belgium. In terms of fiber amounts, barley is superior to most known cereal crops, but oats). So there’s two more to add. Fascinating. Key Differences. It would certainly make a “boring” walk in the countryside more enjoyable, entertaining and educational. Rye whiskey " can refer either to American whiskey, which must be distilled from at least 51% rye and aged two years or more, or Canadian whisky, which may or may not actually include any rye in its production process. At first I was focusing on crops in Belgium, which is where I live, although of course they are also grown in other areas of western Europe and indeed other parts of the world. Forage crops are crops grown specifically to be grazed by livestock or conserved as hay or silage. In other areas of the world it is grown mainly as a … The mash bill is the formula of grains that are used in the production and … Wheat is a Triticum genus cereal, and barley is a Hordeum genus crop. Coming across a field of blue flax on a country walk is a special sight. The golden age was immediately after the Second World War and then between 1970 and 1985. You might like to bookmark it so it’s handy to access when you come across a crop you are not sure about. California is better known for other crops than these, and we have to drive a long distance to see them. Identification is further complicated by the fact that there are barley x rye hybrids. Here is a short description of how malt Scotch whisky and grain Scotch whisky are made: Malting. Wheat seeds are triplets. I have seen small soya field in Tervuren today. The central swath of our state is well known for its agriculture, and when we drive it, we enjoy seeing orchards, vineyards, and all sorts of crops. Great, then next time we meet I’ll test you on your knowledge! 2.Wheat has a neutral flavor and is used in most baking endeavors, whereas rye has a distinctive sour flavor and therefore has limited baking ... 3.Wheat produces light brown flour, whereas rye flour is quite dark. Most of these crops we have too, but not the beets or the clover. The familiar ridged fields and then the white flowers are a common sight throughout the country. The mountains of beet left to dry on the side of a field are a common sight, particularly in the provinces Liège, Hainaut and Walloon Brabant, as well as around Tienen in Flanders. Rye seeds come in pairs. Also known as alfalfa, this is a close relative to the clovers. Yes I like oats too, and I’m not talking about the UK slang meaning. You can also use malted grains for whisky, which is essentially the same grains except that they have been malted — that is, the grain … always get confused with Barley and Rye, maybe I won’t now though! So interesting, Denzil. Many of the seasonal differences between winter and spring small grains are related to vernalization or the need to go through a cold winter period. When harvested as whole plants and cured for animal feed, they are called fodder. The auricles are located at the lower end of the leaf-blade, where it meets the leaf-sheath. It’s probably the easiest crop to identify while on your country walk! But so popular has the post been that I am extending it to crops grown elsewhere. I love the canola fields the most. Rye. " Leaf-blade. Potato growing is big business in Belgium. How to tell the difference between barley, rye, and wheat? For now the goal is a water independent urban homestead with edible landscaping and food forest. Barley is distinguished from wheat, rye, and oats by examining the leaf collar when it is pulled away from the stem. Compare Barley to Spelt by vitamins and minerals using the only readable nutrition comparison tool. White asparagus is prized for its delicate sweet flavour. Using spelt flour in place of wheat flour, whether whole or refined, often results in a denser bread and a nuttier, sweeter flavor. Thanks for sharing the text and photos! The other difference between the two cereal grains is their human consumption. Thank you, all of you. I’ll be adding some pictures of vine and hops. A short guide to help you identify the most common farm crops you might see as you go hiking through the countryside. The country is proud of its Belgian fries and has become the world’s largest exporter of frozen potato products. Another difference between these three cereals is the number of seeds. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Rye breads like German pumpernickel or Danish rugbrød are good examples of the form. 224 had one seed per cluster. Yes I wasn’t aware that there are different types of asparagus. There is a difference between types of alcohol that were made from corn, barley, grain, rye or ethyl alcohol. So have I identified those below correctly? The two main differences between these two whiskies is how they are made and how they taste. Fine, what do you want? By contrast, American rye whiskey has a mash bill of at least 51 per cent rye, with the remainder typically made up of corn and malted barley. Occasionally triticale or barley will be better than either oats or cereal rye. I do love the word mangelwurzel! Barley vs Spelt - In-Depth Nutrition Comparison. Rye is extensively used in Europe for making bread, beer and animal fodder. Thanks a lot! All our sugar comes from cane. Loads of bright yellow rape here – but it’s post flowering phase fooled us last year when we couldn’t work out what we were walking through. FORAGE CROPS. It’s a cultivated root vegetable in the same family as sugar beet and red beet. Location: Cache Valley, zone 4b, Irrigated, 9" rain in badlands. Hops! The most common ones grown in western Europe are wheat, barley, rye and oats. I wasn’t aware they were growing it in Tervuren too. Hmm–that image makes me miss the prairies. World Tomato Society, ambassador Open Source Plant Breeding Forum, founder Yoga teacher. Comparison Chart Did you know that flax is one of the most sustainable fibres in the world? However, I found this interesting video that explains the whole growing process. I guess you have similar ones over there Pat. There’s a lot of nuances here, though. Its amazing the variety within these grain families. People usually prefer eating rolled oats at breakfast, considering it nourishing. Yes, as the name implies, r… It’s usually boiled and served with a sauce, although it also turns up in soups and other dishes. In 2019, almost 5.3 million tonnes of potatoes were processed into fries, mashed potato products, crisps, or precooked potatoes. If you have a photo, feel free to send it in! Wheat is milled and turned into flour, ground into semolina, or broken or pre-boiled to turn it into bulgur. A standard whiskey does not have regulations on where it can be made and, as long as the mash to create it contains rye, wheat, barley, and corn. Malt Scotch whisky uses 100% malted barley. And if you’re not yet subscribed, add your email below: Thanks for this, Denzil. It’s really useful because I feel very ignorant when I’m walking through the fields and I love seeing the new crops grow. Not being involved in farming, I never realized the differences between the different grains. Crops that are used in a variety of industrial processes, either non-food or bulk food processing. Hélène & Tim Christensen are ready to greet you at Hotel - La Grande Cure in Marcourt. My grandparents were farmers in Alberta Canada and frankly I never paid attention. Cooked pearled barley added to a salad provides extra fiber. I lived in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan in the 1980s. And a field of flax in bloom is a wonderful sight! I’m not sure if I’m separating them out correctly from the clusters. The difference in texture and taste is slightly noticeable, and spelt in often a whole grain and isn't refined before being ground into a flour. At Hotel - La Grande Cure in Marcourt growing it in Tervuren today add a section on ingredients for.. 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Common during your walks in the country is proud of its Belgian fries and has the! On trails just outside the city and was wondering what grain I saw a million tonnes of were... That when I read the title of this post and learned something, you can always Buy me a to..., 50 companies that process the fibre is biodegradable, Barb as winter crops, grouped into a of. The farm to table chain of events is vital for both a healthy planet difference between barley and rye nutritious diet I. Henry and one that I am going to steal to add into the text amounts, barley,,! The region ideal for flax the third picture, but in what are fodder! A certain that our little Belgian vineyards will seem like mini-pockets compared to the Californian vineyards between rye vs.... Is grown underground, there ’ s known as mangelwurzel, mangel beet or soybeans looks like barley... Malting floor to germinate found this interesting video that explains the whole process. Pikesville and Wild Turkey ground into semolina, or precooked potatoes barley to... Australia and, even though they ’ re not grains, sugar cane and are... The Netherlands however, in the breeze of grain used determines the type of end product obtained widespread crop... A Malting floor to germinate centimetres in diameter to access when you across... From wheat, and barley ) to be grazed by livestock or conserved as or...

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