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[17][3] In particular, the 2012 book The Aleppo Codex by Matti Friedman calls attention to the fact that eyewitnesses in Aleppo who saw the Codex shortly after the fire consistently reported that it was complete or nearly complete, and then there is no account of it for more than a decade, until after it arrived in Israel and was put, in 1958, in the Ben-Zvi Institute, at which point it was as currently described; his book suggests a number of possibilities for the loss of the pages including theft in Israel. Over the years, a few of the missing pages have turned up and many efforts have been made to find the rest of the Aleppo Codex. The community received queries from Jews around the world, who asked that various textual details be checked, correspondence which is preserved in the responsa literature, and which allows for the reconstruction of certain details in the parts that are missing today. The Damascus Pentateuch (Hebrew: כֶּתֶר דַּמֶּשֶׂק ‎ Keter Dameseq or Crown of Damascus) is a 10th-century Hebrew Bible codex, consisting of the almost complete Pentateuch, the Five Books of Moses.The codex was copied by an unknown scribe, replete with Masoretic annotations. (This should not be confused with another Damascus Keter, of medieval Spanish origin. The Aleppo Codex itself disappeared. It was written by the greatest of the Masoretes, Asher ben Asher. Today only about 295 pages of the Aleppo Codex have survived, including nearly all of the Torah (the Pentateuch). The work of Moshe Goshen-Gottstein on the few surviving pages of the Torah seems to have confirmed these claims beyond reasonable doubt. The ancient Hebrew word mesorah ( מסורה , alt. Leningrad Codex Genesis 1:10-26 Genesis 37:31b-36 Leningrad Codex Table of Contents and Link to the Whole Codex Online Another manuscript of the Hebrew Bible from the same time period as the Aleppo Codex is the Leningrad Codex, kept in the Russian National Library in St. Petersburg, Russia. It was regarded as the community's most sacred possession: Those in trouble would pray before it, and oaths were taken by it. It was also written in Israel in the 10th century, and is now kept at the National Library of Israel as "ms. Heb 5702". in, Goitein: pp. I wrote a book about this book. The codex, however, stayed in Jerusalem until the latter part of that century. The juxtaposition of Adonia with Elohim that Nehemia Gordon is talking about can be found at the bottom right of this Allepo codex image. "[9] The Aleppo codex website reveals how the book changed hands. General Search for 'Genesis 22:14' within '' on StudyLight.org. Together with the Leningrad Codex, it contains the Ben-Asher masoretic tradition. These editions incorporate reconstructions of the missing parts of the codex based on the methodology of Mordechai Breuer or similar systems, and by taking into account all available historical testimony about the contents of the codex. [3] This finally gave scholars the chance to examine it and consider the claims that it is indeed the manuscript referred to by Maimonides. [22], The community of Damascus possessed a counterpart of the Aleppo Codex, known as the Damascus Pentateuch in academic circles and as the "Damascus Keter", or "Crown of Damascus", in traditional Jewish circles. [2] under the rule of the Abbasid Caliphate,[1] and was endorsed for its accuracy by Maimonides. The Aleppo Codex is a book, one of the most important on earth. [3], The consonants in the codex were copied by the scribe Shlomo ben Buya'a in Palestine circa 920. 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